1 Peter 4:17(NASB) Verse Thoughts. But their enemies falsely charged them with foul crimes. gospel of God--the very God who is to judge them. The Bible gives some serious warnings about living in the last days. speaking evil--charging you with pride, singularity, hypocrisy, and secret crimes ( 1 Peter 4:14 , 2 Peter 2:2 ). Not as ALFORD, "Arm yourselves . Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Peter says that, in view of Christ’s suffering, we should live righteous lives and not fall into the sins we indulged in the past (1 Pet 4:3-4). faithful--to His covenant promises. . watch--Greek, "be soberly vigilant"; not intoxicated with worldly cares and pleasures. For--giving the reason for 1 Peter 4:5 , "judge the dead." There is a motive for this: they should be willing, like Christ, to suffer for doing right for whoever has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin. Instead of its "happening to you" as some strange and untoward chance, it "is taking place" with the gracious design of trying you; God has a wise design in it--a consolatory reflection. in the flesh--in His mortal body of humiliation. appear--in judgment. Peter, like Paul, argues that those found living at Christ's coming shall have no advantage above the dead who shall then be raised, inasmuch as the latter live unto, or "according to," God, even already in His purpose. And if the righteous scarcely be saved — Escape with the utmost difficulty. . us--omitted in oldest manuscripts. If we will not bear suffering for Christ now, we must bear eternal sufferings hereafter. Let not believers care, though the world scorns and reproaches them. It seems to me always to be used, either directly or indirectly, in the sense of impious reviling against God, Christ, or the Holy Spirit, and the Christian religion, not merely against men as such; Greek, 1 Peter 4:14 , below. as . General conclusion from 1 Peter 4:17 1 Peter 4:18 . 1. Therefore, since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind, for he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, that he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh for the lusts of men, but for the will of God.a. 4 Therefore, since Christ suffered in his body, arm yourselves also with the same attitude, because whoever suffers in the body is done with sin. for ever and ever--Greek, "unto the ages of the ages.". If any . Commentary on 1 Peter 4:7-11 (Read 1 Peter 4:7-11) The destruction of the Jewish church and nation, foretold by our Saviour, was very near. Prior chapters made the case that we are a "holy people." It cannot prevent the happiness of the righteous, if they are reproached for Christ, because they retain before God their glory entire, as having the Spirit, with whom glory is inseparably joined [CALVIN]. The date of this Epistle must have been when this had become the generally recognized designation among Gentiles (it is never applied by Christians to each other, as it was in after ages--an undesigned proof that the New Testament was composed when it professes), and when the name exposed one to reproach and suffering, though not seemingly as yet to systematic persecution. . ungodly--having no regard for God; negative description. reproached--Reproach affects noble minds more than loss of goods, or even bodily sufferings. At Antioch, where first idolatrous Gentiles (Cornelius, Acts 10:1 Acts 10:2 , was not an idolater, but a proselyte) were converted, and wide missionary work began, they could be no longer looked on as a Jewish sect, and so the Gentiles designated them by the new name "Christians." It is true that the righteous are scarcely saved; even those who endeavour to walk uprightly in the ways of God. He is a miserable, unsettled wretch, who cleaves to himself, and forgets God; is only perplexed about his credit, and gain, and base ends, which are often broken, and which, when he attains, both he and they must shortly perish together. Moreover, the absence of the Greek article does not necessarily restrict the sense of "dead" to particular dead persons, for there is no Greek article in 1 Peter 4:5 also, where "the dead" is universal in meaning. he that hath suffered--for instance, Christ first, and in His person the believer: a general proposition. "Live" in the truest sense, for heretofore he was dead. "Reproached in the name of Christ" I say ( 1 Peter 4:14 ), "FOR let none," &c. as . through Jesus Christ--the mediator through whom all our blessings come down to us, and also through whom all our praises ascend to God. 1 Peter 4:9 hospitality, 1 Peter 4:10,11 and a right use of spiritual gifts. The second Greek, "as," distinguishes the class "busybody in other men's matters," from the previous class of delinquents. "When power is given to the destroyer, he observes no distinction between the righteous and the wicked; not only so, but he begins first at the righteous" [WETSTEIN from Rabbins]. And true conversion makes a marvellous change in the heart and life. and of God--Greek, "and the (Spirit) of God"; implying that the Spirit of glory (which is Christ's Spirit) is at the same time also the Spirit of God. "The righteous" man has always more or less of trial, but the issue is certain, and the entrance into the kingdom abundant at last. Perhaps the additional idea is included, By prayer for them, love tries to have them covered by God; and so being the instrument of converting the sinner from his error, "covereth a (not 'the,' as English Version) multitude of sins"; but the former idea from Proverbs is the prominent one. Let your suffering be on account of Christ, not on account of evil-doing ( 1 Peter 2:20 ). 13. inasmuch as--The oldest manuscripts read, "in proportion as"; "in as far as" ye by suffering are partakers of Christ's sufferings, that is, by faith enter into realizing fellowship with them; willingly for His sake suffering as He suffered. hath ceased--literally, "has been made to cease," has obtained by the very fact of His having suffered once for all, a cessation from sin, which had heretofore lain on Him ( Romans 6:6-11 , especially, 1 Peter 4:7 ). "Rest of his time in the flesh" (the Greek has the preposition "in" here, not in 1 Peter 4:1 as to Christ) proves that the reference is here not to Christ, but to the believer, whose remaining time for glorifying God is short ( 1 Peter 4:3 ). Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. (7-11) Believers encouraged to rejoice and glory in reproaches and sufferings for Christ, and to commit their souls to the care of a faithful God. Jesus then gave Peter the name of Cephas – John 1:40-42. One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. Jesus was the pattern in this respect ( Matthew 7:29 , John 12:49 , 14:10 ; compare Paul, 2 Corinthians 2:17 ). Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. It alters the mind, judgment, affections, and conversation. The consideration of Christ's sufferings is urged for purity and holiness. These are the worst clogs and troubles. The Lord will come as a thief; He is "ready" ( 1 Peter 4:5 ) to judge the world at any moment; it is only God's long-suffering and His will that the Gospel should be preached as a witness to all nations, that induces Him to lengthen out the time which is with Him still as nothing. Peter using his spiritual gifts. Bkmrk. Many consider that when Peter said, "it is time for judgment to begin with the household of God", he was referring to God’s judgement falling on the physical House of God in Jerusalem, in AD 70. 8. above all things--not that "charity" or love is placed above "prayer," but because love is the animating spirit, without which all other duties are dead. All must pass under the judgment of God; God's own household first, their chastisement being here, for which they should glorify Him as a proof of their membership in His family, and a pledge of their escape from the end of those whom the last judgment shall find disobedient to the Gospel. . "As God with His love covers my sins if I believe, so must I also cover the sins of my neighbor" [LUTHER]. But the context suits better thus, "Let him speak as (becomes one speaking) oracles OF GOD." the time--Greek, "season," "fit time." the end of all things--and therefore also of the wantonness ( 1 Peter 4:3 1 Peter 4:4 ) of the wicked, and of the sufferings of the righteous [BENGEL]. Not only under ordinary circumstances, but also in time of suffering, let believers commit. with a view no longer to live the rest of your time.". And in all the duties and services of life, we should aim at the glory of God as our chief end. 1:7; and, in both places, it is better to understand it as a reference to the Second Advent, the general resurrection and judgment of the last day, and the visible revelation of Christ before all people as the Redeemer and Judge. upon you--the same Spirit as rested on Christ ( Luke 4:18 ). The letter teaches, for example, that Christ is the Stone rejected by the builder (2:7-8; Acts 4:10-11), and that Christ is no respecter of persons (1… Below is a paraphrase of 1 Peter 4:1-6 as if Peter was preparing the disciples to suffer for their faith. The destruction of the Jewish church and nation, foretold by our Saviour, was very near. And the speedy approach of death and judgment concerns all, to which these words naturally lead our minds. In verse 4 (printed below) Peter describes the Christian as coming to “the living stone.” How would you explain the meaning of this statement? One oldest manuscript and Vulgate read, "in well-doings"; contrast ill-doings, 1 Peter 4:15 . The Greek adds, "in your case." let him not be ashamed--though the world is ashamed of shame. Christians, from mistaken zeal, under the plea of faithfulness, might readily step out of their own calling and make themselves judges of the acts of unbelievers. Not secretly speaking against the person whom we entertain, or upbraiding him with the favor we have conferred in him. ready--very speedily ( 1 Peter 4:7 , 2 Peter 3:10 ). The strongest and best arguments against sin, are taken from the sufferings of Christ. The Christian is by faith one with Christ: as then Christ by death is judicially freed from sin; so the Christian who has in the person of Christ died, has no more to do with it judicially, and ought to have no more to do with it actually. The work of a Christian is twofold—doing the will of God and suffering his pleasure. ALFORD'S explanation is wrong, "that they might be judged according to men as regards the flesh," that is, be in the state of the completed sentence on sin, which is death after the flesh. He, not we, must keep our souls. the same mind--of suffering with patient willingness what God wills you to suffer. And the speedy approach of death and judgment concerns all, to which these words naturally lead our minds. 4:1-2 Just as Jesus physically suffered, we are to take up the same determined spirit to live for God's purposes and put away all sin. Peter encourages them with a vision of "an incorruptible and undefiled inheritance that doesn't fade away, reserved in Heaven Our approaching end, is a powerful argument to make us sober in all worldly matters, and earnest in religion. Heaven is their real home. Free E-mail Bible Study Discipleship Training in Luke's Gospel. one to another--Greek as in 1 Peter 4:8 , "towards yourselves"; implying that all form but one body, and in seeking the good of other members they are promoting the good of themselves. giveth--Greek, "supplieth"; originally said of a choragus, who supplied the chorus with all necessaries for performing their several parts. . (12-19). Gentiles--heathen: which many of you were. 1 Peter 4:18 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Peter 4:18, NIV: "And, 'If it is hard for the righteous to be saved, what will become of the ungodly and the sinner?'" which is to try you--Greek, "which is taking place for a trial to you." Our committing of ourselves to God is to be, not in indolent and passive quietism, but accompanied with active well-doings. It is a Christian's duty, not only to keep from gross wickedness, but also from things that lead to sin, or appear evil. When a man is truly converted, it is very grievous to him to think how the time past of his life has been spent. At first believers had no distinctive name, but were called among themselves "brethren," Acts 6:3 ; "disciples," Acts 6:1 ; "those of the way," Acts 9:2 ; "saints," Romans 1:7 ; by the Jews (who denied that Jesus was the CHRIST, and so would never originate the name Christian), in contempt, "Nazarenes." ( Romans 12:13 , Hebrews 13:2 .) 11. Hi Mr. Wellman, First Peter 4:1-2 “Since therefore Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, for whoever has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, so as to live for the rest of the time in the flesh no longer for human passions but for the will of God.” Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. "Covereth" so as not harshly to condemn or expose faults; but forbearingly to bear the other's burdens, forgiving and forgetting past offenses. . with exceeding joy--Greek, "exulting joy"; now ye rejoice amidst sufferings; then ye shall EXULT, for ever free from sufferings ( 1 Peter 1:6 1 Peter 1:8 ). There is no comfort in sufferings, when we bring them upon ourselves by our own sin and folly. without grudging--Greek, "murmuring." (1 Peter 4 Commentary) Wayne Grudem. This does not mean that the purpose and performance of God are uncertain, but only the great difficulties and hard encounters in the way; that they go through so many temptations and tribulations, so many fightings without and fears within. Living for God. Indeed, Ezekiel 9:6 describes such a judgement spreading out from there. Home >> Bible Studies >> 1 Peter >> 1 Peter 4:12-19 These small group studies of 1 Peter contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Suffering is a path we must choose. Peter begins his letter by calling Christians “aliens,” or residential foreigners to the Roman Empire (1 Pe 1:1, 17). 1. for us--supported by some oldest manuscripts and versions, omitted by others. 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