What keeps Britain’s defense secretary up at night? Over the last few years, “hybrid warfare” has become firmly established in the Western security lexicon. To this end, NATO forces have to be able to react in a quick and agile way, whenever and wherever needed. However, hybrid warfare as a term itself is a poor descriptor. Mattis, James N., and Frank G. Hoffman. hybrid warfare use the term to describe the area where regular warfare and irregular warfare intersect and blend to create a new form of warfare. Inauguration of Hybrid CoE with NATO Secretary General and EUHR Mogherini - Q&A, NATO Secretary General press point at inauguration of Hybrid CoE, Inauguration of the European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats, NATO Deputy Secretary General on countering hybrid threats, 15 FEB 2018, 1/2, Statement on the implementation of the Joint Declaration signed by the President of the European Council, the President of the European Commission, and the Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 2018 Brussels Summit Declaration (para. The hybrid warfare is an unstructured form of war, used by States, Since 2015, NATO has had a strategy on its role in countering hybrid warfare. Riga, LV1048, Latvia. B. NATO’ S . Countering hybrid threats is a priority for EU-NATO cooperation and the new European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats in Helsinki plays a unique role. An analyst looks at code in the malware lab of a cyber security defense lab. In the past several years there has been a noticeable increase in the range and intensity of Russian hybrid warfare attacks. Advising NATO on Hybrid Warfare. What does hybrid warfare mean? 2. Hybrid warfare can be used to describe the flexible and complex dynamics of the battlespace requiring a highly adaptable and resilient respo to NATO Allied Command Transformation (ACT). Amicus Curiae The terms hybrid warfare, new generation warfare and grey zone are often used interchangeably to describe the Russian operational approach towards the post-Soviet states or former Soviet republics. 21), 2016 Warsaw Summit Declaration (para. Recognizing Russia would stand little chance of winning a protracted conventional conflict with NATO, Moscow seeks instead to pursue its interests without overt use of military power if possible. where a wide range of overt and covert military, The Warsaw Summit took place almost two years after the Wales Summit, at which NATO recognised that international law applies to cyberspace and that cyber defence is part of NATO’s core task of collective defence. Hybrid war strategies are always underway, although at certain moments they may become more acute and intense or cross over into conventional combat operations. (Eds.) The European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats located in Helsinki, Finland serves as a hub of expertise, assisting participating countries in improving their civil-military capabilities, resilience and preparedness to counter hybrid threats. By defencematters; 06 February 2016; 10:58; Over the past two years, NATO has been focused on hybrid warfare. NATO is strengthening its coordination with partners, including the European Union, in efforts to counter hybrid threats. Rather than develop strategies based on ‘hybrid’ challenges (an elusive and catch-all term), I … London Declaration. Hybrid warfare — also known as grey zone conflict or low-intensity conflict — is a reality, and the U.S. military must be ready to confront and deter it, a senior intelligence officer said. WWE star tells how Marine Corps service helped her succeed, Money Minute: Student loan repayment and consolidation, Money Minute: Sending cash by mobile apps — convenient, but be careful, https://www.defensenews.com © 2021 Sightline Media Group, NATO’s London meetings are off to a rocky start, The top stories to follow in 2021 - Defense News Weekly, 1.4.21. (I analyzed this idea in more depth here.). Being prepared to prevent, counter and respond to hybrid attacks, whether by state or non-state actors, is a top priority for NATO. NATO to define plan to counter Russia’s hybrid warfare tactics. During the last five years, this slippery concept … The first definition of hybrid warfare is given by Hoffman. It uses a blend of military, economic, diplomatic, criminal, and informational means to achieve desired political goals. . Increasing resilience of the Czech Republic to hybrid threats 24 Miroslav Mareš 1. It will deter hybrid attacks on the Alliance and, if necessary, will defend Allies concerned. The definition encompasses the key elements of hybrid warfare: conventional and non-conventional, blurring of domains and involving elements previously allocated to the unlawful domain. News, Official Texts, Opinions) Defending against Hybrid Threats. The period of the Vietnam War from 1962 to 1968 would fit the definition of hybrid war until the Tet Offensive in 1968 when the Viet Cong ceased to exist as a serious military threat. To deter hybrid threats, NATO is resolved to act promptly, whenever and wherever necessary. D. EFINITION. Russia’s Hybrid War in Ukraine: Breaking the Enemy’s Ability to Resist The Finnish Institute of International Affairs, FIIA report (16 June 2015) NATO and New Ways of Warfare: Defeating Hybrid … Sweden’s defense minister on relations with America, Russian threats and the European Union. ‘Hybrid warfare’, sometimes known as ‘hybrid threats’, became a trendy buzzword in recent years, used to describe a panoply of seemingly different threats. Thus, the purpose of this article is to contribute to the understanding the hybrid warfare by developing a perceptional map, which will, if possible, pave the way to new theories by creating taxonomy as a result of Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) analysis. Hybrid warfare is a military strategy which employs political warfare and blends conventional warfare, irregular warfare and cyberwarfare with other influencing methods, such as fake news, diplomacy, lawfare and foreign electoral intervention. A strategy and actionable implementation plans on NATO’s role in countering hybrid warfare … author and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the NATO Defense College or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. 3 Part of the conceptual confusion stems from the fact that there is no standard, commonly-accepted definition of hybrid warfare. If deterrence should fail, NATO stands ready to defend any Ally against any threat. One possible definition of hybrid warfare proposed by NATO is war where the objective is achieved by integrating military, paramilitary and civilian measures, trying to influence policymakers and decision-makers. They are international research centres that are nationally or multi-nationally funded and staffed. NATO Secretary General's Annual Report 2019 NATO (19 March 2020) See page 29. A nonlinear war is fought when a state employs conventional and irregular military forces in conjunction with psychological, economic, political, and cyber assaults. NATO continues to strengthen its cooperation and coordination with such partners as Finland, Sweden, Ukraine and the European Union (EU) to counter hybrid threats and enhance resilience. NATO and the European Union (EU) are working on strategies to strengthen defensive capabilities and prevent hybrid attacks. Hybrid war breaks down the traditional binary delineation between war and peace. The Alliance has developed a strategy on its role in countering hybrid warfare to help address these threats. Hybrid CoE Strategic Analysis 24: Ambiguity in hybrid warfare. Ukraine sees two paths for joining NATO. This thesis uses the Williamson Murray and McGregor Knox definitions of Military Revolution (MR) and Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) in order to determine if hybrid warfare falls under MR or RMA. The primary responsibility to respond to hybrid threats or attacks rests with the targeted nation. Hybrid warfare. Much is made these days of the new challenge to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) from “hybrid warfare” — the kind of blended military-political-intelligence-economic operations Russia has launched in Ukraine. The Potential for Russian Hybrid Aggression. Meaning of hybrid warfare. Hybrid threats combine military and non-military as well as covert and overt means, including disinformation, cyber attacks, economic pressure, deployment of irregular armed groups and use of regular forces. While there is still no unanimously agreed-upon definition of ‘Hybrid Warfare’, the MC considered using the terminology shown in Figure 1. Hybrid warfare occupies the uncomfortable middle ground between conventional and unconventional warfare, mixing elements of both in the process. Iran fallout deepens rift between America and Europe. This includes exercising of decision–making processes and joint military and non-military responses in cooperation with other actors. Sign up for the Early Bird Brief, the defense industry's most comprehensive news and information, straight to your inbox. In the words of one NATO/ACT official, the task is to “paint the face on the faceless enemy”3 and to develop the hybrid threat concept, as well as examine viable and effective strategies to meet hybrid threats. 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