7. A series of attacks by the Pandyas between the 7th and 8th centuries caused the decline of Ays although the dynasty remained powerful until the beginning of the 10th century. Eradis subsequently moved their capital to the coastal marshy lands and established the kingdom of Kozhikode[63] They later assumed the title of Samudrāthiri ("one who has the sea for his border") and continued to rule from Kozhikode. BUST , On 1 January 1950, Travancore-Cochin was recognised as a state. Bose, Satheese Chandra and Varughese, Shiju Sam (eds.) Pliny mentions Muziris as India's first port of importance. In 1921, the Khilafat Movement in Malabar culminated in widespread riots against the British government and Hindu population in what is now known as the Moplah rebellion. The state of Kerala is a beautiful state from a religious and spiritual point of view. Roman establishments in the port cities of the region, such as a temple of Augustus and barracks for garrisoned Roman soldiers, are marked in the Tabula Peutingeriana; the only surviving map of the Roman cursus publicus. Gamliel, Ophira. He was born in Sabines and was opposing the old Roman aristocracy, and was supporting Julius Caesar. Events, Year Wise. List of Famous Palaces in Kerala The edifice of the Mattancherry Palace perfectly reflects … 5. Kerala has 44 rivers out of which 41 flows westwards while remaining 3 flows to east. This church is more than 500 years old and is one of the most famous churches in Kerala. "Communal Relations in Pre-Modern India: 16th Century Kerala", Devika, J. "The Kerala model in the time of COVID19: Rethinking state, society and democracy. [46] For the local administration, the empire was divided into provinces under the rule of Nair Chieftains known as Naduvazhis, with each province comprising a number of Desams under the control of chieftains, called as Desavazhis. Cochin George Menachery – historian, editor of The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopaedia of India, editor of The Indian Church History Classics (The Nazranies) Gopi Kottoor – internationally renowned poet; Hassan Thikkodi – writer, poet, Chairman of MES Raja Residential School During the early part of Kulasekhara period, the southern region from Nagercoil to Thiruvananthapuram was ruled by Ay kings, who lost their power in the 10th century and thus the region became a part of the Cheras. From the Kodungallur line of the Cheras rose the Kulasekhara dynasty, which was established by Kulasekhara Varman. ", Jeffrey, Robin. Tipu Sultan ceded Malabar District to the British in 1792, and South Kanara, which included present-day Kasargod District, in 1799. "Indian communism and the Kerala experience of coalition government, 1967–69. [citation needed] After his death, in the absence of a strong central power, the state was fractured into about thirty small warring principalities under Nair Chieftains; most powerful of them were the kingdom of Samuthiri in the north, Venad in the south and Kochi in the middle.[49][50]. Due to ideological differences the CPI-ML split into several groups. [citation needed] The earliest Sanskrit text to mention Kerala by name as Cherapadah is the Aitareya Aranyaka, a late Vedic work on philosophy. [23] Together with the Cholas and Pandyas the Cheras formed the Tamil triumvirate of the mūvēntar (Three Crowned Kings). In 1783, the British agreed to restore to the French their settlements in India, and Mahé, India was handed over to the French in 1785. Pazhassi Raja or Lion of Kerala was the hero who strategized guerilla warfare... 3. There are many historical and ancient temples of Kerala which are a major center of tourist attraction. As a result, the land of Kerala arose, and thus was reclaimed from the waters. "Testing concepts about print, newspapers, and politics: Kerala, India, 1800-2009. It is a land of mesmerizing natural beauty. There are many historical places in state Kerala. New elections in 1959 cost the Communists most of their seats and Congress resumed control. In 1761 the British captured Mahé, India, and the settlement was handed over to the Rajah of Kadathanadu. Many important events associated with history of Kerala can be traced back to Anchuthengu Fort; the ‘Attingal Rebellion of 1721’ wherein the local people, agitated with injustice of Britons sieged the fort and killed a contingent of 140 British traders, is still remembered as the first and one of the very crucial collective moves against the British rule in Kerala. "Kerala." Until the arrival of British, the term Malabar was used as a general name for Kerala. Tourist come flooded every year to explore the backwaters, food, traditional Kathakali and natural reservoirs. Buddhism and Jainism reached Kerala in this early period. Kerala, the God’s Own Country, is dream destination of many Indians. In 1741, Mahé de La Bourdonnais retook the town after a period of occupation by the Marathas. [6] It is also mentioned in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. ", Lankina, Tomila, and Lullit Getachew. Namboodiripad. [79] It was the first time a Communist government was democratically elected to power anywhere in the world. Palakkad Fort is also called as Tipu's Fort (Hyder Ali's son) and remains one of the famous forts in Kerala. The British restored Mahé, India to the French as a part of the 1763 Treaty of Paris. Until the end of the 11th century, it was a small principality in the Ay Kingdom. Every monument is an insight into the charming history of God’s Own Country. Here are the most famous ancient-world historians: 10 Sallust: He was a Roman historian, as well as a politician from a provincial plebeian family. Kerala, known as God’s own country is a tourist’s paradise. Buckingham Canal (a small canal between Tangasseri Lighthouse and the cemetery) is situated very close to the Portuguese Cemetery. At its zenith these Later Cheras ruled over a territory comprising the whole of modern Kerala and a smaller part of modern Tamil Nadu. [77] In 1757, to check the invasion of the Zamorin of Calicut, the Palakkad Raja sought the help of Hyder Ali of Mysore. Category: Human Interest Most of the major political parties in Kerala, except for Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), belong to one or the other of these two alliances, often shifting allegiances a number of time. ", Jeffrey, Robin. A spiritual tour to South India can give you the feeling of divinity, opportunity to explore great religious places, amazing architecture of the ancient temples, enriched tradition, unique festivals & rituals and glorious sculpture One of the most famous temples in Kerala, Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple is a Hindu temple situated in Thiruvananthapuram state capital of Kerala, India. Abdur Razzak (1442–43), Niccolò de' Conti (1445), Afanasy Nikitin (1468–74), Ludovico di Varthema (1503–1508), and Duarte Barbosa witnessed the city as one of the major trading centres in the Indian subcontinent where traders from different parts of the world could be seen. Pazhassi Raja’s resting place, Wayanad. [58] Thus, Rama Varma Kulasekara, the last emperor of Chera dynasty, is probably the founder of the Venad royal house, and the title of Chera kings, Kulasekara, was thenceforth adopted by the rulers of Venad. [42], Much of history of the region from the 6th to the 8th century is obscure. to pursue their love of all things historical. Some of Kerala’s fresh water lakes such as Punnamada Lake, Ashtamudi Lake, Peipad Lake, Vembanad Lake etc. "Documents of Investiture Ceremonies" in K. K. N. Kurup, Edit., "India's Naval Traditions". Onam is one of the most famous and colorful festivals in Kerala, celebrated with much fervor and gaiety. They co-existed harmoniously with each other and with local Hindu society, aided by the commercial benefit from such association. Geographical Facts about Kerala. [5], The oldest of all the Puranas, the Matsya Purana, sets the story of the Matsya Avatar (fish incarnation) of Lord Vishnu, in the Western Ghats. At its zenith these Later Cheras ruled over a territory comprising the whole of modern Kerala and a smaller part of modern Tamil Nadu. However, the dominance of Middle East traders was challenged in the European Age of Discovery. Mention Kerala and a picture of hills and valleys with gushing waterfalls, playful streams and serene backwaters come to the mind. [14][15][16] Historian M. R. Raghava Varier of the Kerala state archaeology department identified a sign of "a man with jar cup" in the engravings, which is the most distinct motif of the Indus valley civilisation. ", K. Sreejith, "Naxalites and the New Democratic Revolution: The Kerala Experience 1967-70,", 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election, "Symbols akin to Indus valley culture discovered in Kerala", http://www.hindu.com/2007/10/30/stories/2007103054660500.htmHindu.com, Faces of Goa: a journey through the history and cultural revolution of Goa and other communities influenced by the Portuguese, The philosophy of Sankar's Advaita Vedanta, "Conundrum of Kerala's struggling economy by Soutik Biswas", "Refworld | India: 1. “ The church is located in edappally near to metro Station and lulu mall, beautiful Architecture and clean atmosphere inside the church, parking facilities are there, Recommended tourist spot during kochin visit. Kerala is correctly referred to as ‘God’s Own Country’. It is also famous for its charming houseboats, sprawling tea plantations, unique eco-tourism, magnificent architecture, Ayurvedic treatments and unforgettable culinary experiences. A close-up picture of famous historian M.G.S. It initiated pioneering land reforms, aiming to lowering of rural poverty in Kerala. [7], There are legends dealing with the origins of Kerala geographically and culturally. Country :INDIA, View : 57 Times [10] However, foreign cultural contacts have assisted this cultural formation. [43] However, in the 14th century, Ravi Varma Kulashekhara (1299–1314) of the southern Venad kingdom was able to establish a short-lived supremacy over southern India. Lakhs of farms were owned by large establishments, companies and estate owners. 1. There were harbours of Naura near Kannur, Tyndis near Koyilandy, and Bacare near Alappuzha which were also trading with Rome and Palakkad pass (churam) facilitated migration and trade. The Mushika kingdom existed in northern Kerala, while the Ays ruled south of the Chera kingdom. Though the rebellion was … * Body is slimming. 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