(compare similar use of esthio in Isa 10:17) Compare a similar sense of esthio in… The plainest teachings in the Bible proclaim that eternal life is a "free gift" (Romans 5:15; 6:23), which cannot be merited in any way (Romans 10:3,4). 6:17). Question: "Does Hebrews 10:26 mean that a believer can lose salvation?" Commentary for: Hebrews 10:27 fiery indignation—literally, "zeal of fire." Hebrews 10:27 Context. Hebrews 10:27 - but a terrifying expectation of judgment and the fury of a fire which will consume the adversaries . Ἐκδοχὴ N.T.o, olxx. Fire is personified: glow or ardor of fire, that is, of Him who is "a consuming fire.". We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. "Paul is not speaking of sin in general but the specific sin of apostasy from the faith that was once known and professed. apostates are, before described, to God, and Christ, and the Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. But a certain fearful looking for of judgment: But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the, Φοβερὰ δέ τις ἐκδοχὴ κρίσεως, φοβερὰ ἐκδοχὴ κρίσεως, ἐκδοχὴ κρίσεως φοβερᾶς, ζῆλος λήψεται λαὸν ἀπαίδευτον καὶ νῦν πῦρ τοὺς ὑπεναντίους ἔδεται, but a certain fearful looking for of judgment, κατακαύσει πὺρ ὑπεναντίους, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. (compare similar use of esthio in Isa 10:17) Compare a similar sense of esthio in… Answer: “For if we are willfully sinning after receiving the full knowledge of the truth, there remains no more sacrifice concerning sins.” Hebrews 10:26-29 warns against the sin of apostasy. This does not mean that believers are beyond temptation or sin, but rather that although we were formerly enslaved to sin, now we have become “obedient [to God] from the heart” (Rom. Moses and Aaron: or rather the fire of hell, which is not Which shall devour the adversaries - All who become the adversaries or enemies of the Lord. Hebrews 10:27. For if we go on sinning willfully after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, New American ... God will accept, those who reject him have none other; therefore their case must be utterly without remedy. Hebrews 10:27. Barnes's Hebrews 10:27 Bible Commentary But a certain fearful looking for of judgment - The word "certain" here does not mean "fixed, sure, inevitable," as our translation would seem to imply. So it is rendered by Tyndale. both soul and body; that is, everlastingly punished, or punished Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. Fire is often said to devour, or consume, and the meaning here is, that those who should thus become the enemies of the Lord must perish. Now there is in this life an expectation Most commentators seem persuaded that apostasy is in view. They see Your zeal for the people and are put to shame; Indeed, fire will devour (Lxx = esthio) Your enemies. What does Hebrews 10:27 mean? What are the disadvantages of walking after the flesh? Again, the context of this Scripture passage is speaking about the unsaved—those who tread under foot the blood of Jesus. condemnation which will then pass, and be immediately executed; But a fearful awaiting of judgment, and a jealousy of fire that shall devour the adversaries. KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. Either of some outward visible judgment in this life, which which immediately follows after death; or of the universal This is not directed at believers but only toward those who had heard the message about Jesus and refused to believe. Hebrews 12:29), which shall devour those that oppose. In this study, we will consider two of the warning passages in Hebrews to see if they are warning Christians about the possibility of going to hell. Browse Sermons on Hebrews 10:27. This was framed in the context of those who have received the truth, but have persisted in some level of sin. Contrast the "expecting" (the very same Greek as here), Heb 10:13, which refutes Alford. 28 Anyone who rejected the law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. During the Advent and Christmas season we have a wonderful opportunity to think through and speak about the meaning and purpose of the life of the Lord Jesus. These verses can only be speaking of Christians because we are the only ones under the blood of Jesus Christ.. The Lord did not answer directly but responded with a counter-question. Andrew Farley Live! That is, it comes from within the person to consume and devour them. Hebrews 10:27 Translation & Meaning. strict justice; it is certain, and there will be no escaping it, was a legitimate question that this man, who was an expert in the Mosaic Law asked the Lord Jesus. It makes one tremble to contemplate the dire implications. What does Hebrews 10:26 mean? We know this because of the title, but also because so much of the book is explained by the understanding that the readers were Jewish. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] This verse is controversial and subject to varied interpretation. The Epistle of Hebrews was written to a group of at-risk Jewish Christians who were tempted to turn away from Christ because of severe persecution. 26 If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, 27 but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God. Hebrews 10:27 (NKJV) but a certain fearful expectation of judgment, and fiery indignation which will devour the adversaries. with everlasting destruction. No one knows when that time will come. God is not unjust, so as to forget your work and the love, which you have shown toward His name, was the heart-warming statement these Hebrews Christians read, as they reflected on his earlier, more sober comments - the Lord will not forget all the good work you have already done, in ministering to the saints.. nor will He overlook the work that you are still engaged in. The book […] and which will be done by Christ, and according to truth, and in The transition is easy from "giving a reception to" something or someone, to "looking for." But a certain fearful looking for of judgment. The phrase fiery indignation, lit. not so as to be annihilated, but shall be eternally destroyed, Rend. (n) For it is another matter to sin through the frailty of man's nature, and another thing to proclaim war on God as on an enemy. (Heb 10:27) But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. which is to be understood, not of the fire of purgatory, for this All that remains for such an individual is a "fearful expectation of judgement" (10:27). and to the children of God, and to the power of godliness in before described, when their consciences are awakened; it is a The Greek is the same as "a (τις tis) fearful expectation," etc. The first thing to note in Hebrews 10:26-27 is the word "sin. some fiery judgment, expressive of the wrath and indignation of HEBREWS 10:27. secret, underhanded enemies, as the word here signifies; as such Him that cometh unto Christ, he will in no wise cast out. adversaries; This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. They are left without a sacrifice to be benefited from since they rejected the "once for all" sacrifice of Jesus (10:10,12). Hebrews 10:27 But a certain ... All this does not in the least mean that any souls who sorrow for sin will be shut out from mercy, or that any will be refused the benefit of Christ's sacrifice, who are willing to accept these blessings. “a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God.” (See Hebrews 10:27) Friend, let me ease your mind. Phrases such as “fearful expectation of judgment” (Hebrews 10:27), “worse punishment” (Hebrews 10:29), and “draw back to perdition” (Hebrews 10:39) reveal that the fire is to be understood in this negative, destructive sense. Commentary for: Hebrews 10:27 The only thing left is a fearful award, an awful reservation, of judgment and fiery indignation (fervour of fire—flaming fire, 2 Thessalonians 1:8; the heat of the consuming fire of God Himself, chap. Proud member The Septuagint uses esthio in a passage that is related to Hebrews 10:27… Isaiah 26:11 O LORD, Your hand is lifted up yet they do not see it. judgment, after the resurrection, and the dreadful sentence of These apostates knew that Christ is God’s only, once-for-all sacrifice, who fulfilled and thus abolished the Old Testament sacrificial system. God, such as befell Sodom and Gomorrah, the two sons of Aaron, An Examination of Hebrews 10:26-31 and its Larger Context. THE CONFESSION OF SALVATION REQUIRES ASSEMBLY. Instead, this indignation appears to be self-inflicted. (27) But a certain fearful looking for.--Better, But a fearful awaiting of judgment, and a jealousy of fire that shall devour the adversaries. Apostasy is an intentional falling away or defection. What does Hebrews 10:26-31 mean? Audio Tags: hebrews 10:27. Hebrews 10:26 -27 IS speaking about the old way of sacrifices, but those verses have been placed in there to warn against a TOTAL falling away. Barnes's Hebrews 10:27 Bible Commentary But a certain fearful looking for of judgment - The word "certain" here does not mean "fixed, sure, inevitable," as our translation would seem to imply. Hebrews 10:26-29. Read full chapter They are deceived - John 12:40, 2 Thessalonians 2:11. Hebrews 10:26-27. First, note that Hebrews 10:27 does not say that the fiery indignation comes from God. The context of Hebrews 10 reveals something similar here. To get what the writer of Hebrews is trying to say in those verses we just read, we will need to study the scriptures surrounding those verses. God's justice, and the intolerableness of future punishment: and Hebrews 10:27 - but a terrifying expectation of judgment and the fury of a fire which will consume the adversaries . A Punishment Worse Than Death — Hebrews 10:26-31 September 1, 1992 by Bob Wilkin in Grace in Focus Articles “For if we sin willfully after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a certain fearful expectation of judgment, … in men of a future judgment, and in wicked men it is a fearful We must understand that the book of Hebrews was written to Jewish believers. devours, that only purges, according to the Papists; this is for The plainest teachings in the Bible proclaim that eternal life is a "free gift" (Romans 5:15; 6:23), which cannot be merited in any way (Romans 10:3,4). ... Luke 10:27(KJV) Verse Thoughts “Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?' is after judgment, that is pretended to be before it; this Hebrews 10:27. The Greek is the same as "a (τις tis) fearful expectation," etc. What a solemn passage! Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Hebrews 10:27. Without can not be used by it self, meaning that it has to be minimum one more condition included (all/at least one,etc) all: "fish", without: "bread", will search for verses that contains "fish" but NOT "bread" start: adversaries, that, as is supposed, is for friends: but perhaps them: and with the fire of God's wrath they shall be devoured; Only here and Colossians 2:14. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Please explain Hebrews 10:26-27 The book of Hebrews is primarily concerned with Jewish Christians who have decided that it is not worth living Christianity anymore and who have decided to go back to Judaism. Spirit; to the Gospel, its doctrine, discipline, and ordinances; The Septuagint uses esthio in a passage that is related to Hebrews 10:27… Isaiah 26:11 O LORD, Your hand is lifted up yet they do not see it. Hebrews 10:27. φοβερὰ , fearful ) A very bad hope.— ἐκδοχὴ , looking for ) quite different from what is described, Hebrews 10:13 .— πυρὸς — τοὺς ὑπεναντίους ) Isaiah 64:1 (rather 2), LXX., κατακαύσει πὺρ ὑπεναντίους , fire will consume the adversaries . All rights reserved. We will look at Hebrews 6:7-8 and Hebrews 10:27. They see Your zeal for the people and are put to shame; Indeed, fire will devour (Lxx = esthio) Your enemies. This does not mean sinless perfection, but rather that the tenor of our lives should be growth in godliness, not a life of bondage to sin (1 John 3:7-10). Hebrews 10:24-25 gives four biblical reasons why Christian assembly is a requirement for every follower of Jesus Christ. We see here what Paul means in the near context when he says above in the verse you ask about, verse 26, "if we willfully continue in the life of sin after accepting and recognizing the truth (of the gospel), there remains no further sacrifice we can make for our sins". I believe that is what the gospels point out. The language used in this passage can be taken in more than one way. And yes of course folk will be expecting preachers to retell the story of the conception, and birth, the stable and the wise men and so on. The radical idea of the word is ferment of spirit (ζεῖν to boil; see Acts 18:25; Romans 12:11). The word indignation (Gk., zēlos) could also be translated as “zeal” or “jealousy” (cf. very dreadful one, inexpressibly so: and fiery indignation, which shall devour the on StudyLight.org Φοβερὰ, fearful) A very bad hope.— ἐκδοχὴ, looking for) quite different from what is described, Hebrews 10:13.— πυρὸς — τοὺς ὑπεναντίους) Isaiah 64:1 (rather 2), LXX., κατακαύσει πὺρ ὑπεναντίους, fire will consume the adversaries. Alford strangely translates, as the Greek usually means elsewhere, "reception." The word means: "a falling away, a withdrawal or a defection." Again, the context of this Scripture passage is speaking about the unsaved—those who tread under foot the blood of Jesus. Nevertheless, God’s love for His children does not mean that He does not notice the evil that they do, and on the Day of Judgment, both the enemies of God and the ungodly works of Christians will be consumed. To get what Hebrews 10:27 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. For ζῆλος see on James 3:14. corporeal and material, but is the wrath of God let down into the What Does Luke 10:27 Mean? Hebrews 10:19-29 The last sentence here is the conclusion for this whole section. The Purpose of the Book of Hebrews. looking for—"expectation": a later sense of the Greek. But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. 26 If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, 27 but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God. It's a heart issue. Often in lxx. What does this verse really mean? sometimes falls on such persons; or of the particular judgment [⇑ See verse text ⇑] The prior verse warned about a situation in which there was no longer a sacrifice for sins. By James T. Bartsch. Nadab, and Abihu, and the men that rose up with Korah against When we sin are we in the flesh? Nevertheless, God’s love for His children does not mean that He does not notice the evil that they do, and on the Day of Judgment, both the enemies of God and the ungodly works of Christians will be consumed. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. "a kind of fearful expectation." Rom 13:13; 1 Cor 3:3). What is apostasy? Salem Media Group. Browse Sermons on Hebrews 10:27. for it will be general. What are your thoughts on sanctification? (27) But a certain fearful looking for.--Better, But a fearful awaiting of judgment, and a jealousy of fire that shall devour the adversaries. The writer of the book of Hebrews is exhorting and encouraging these Christians NOT to go back to Judaism. How do we know this? and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries; which is to be understood, not of the fire of purgatory, for this is after judgment, that is pretended to be before it; this devours, that only purges, according to the Papists; this is for adversaries, that, as is supposed, is for friends: but perhaps some fiery judgment, expressive of the wrath and indignation of God, such as befell Sodom and Gomorrah, the two sons of Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and the men that rose up with Korah against Moses and Aaron: or rather the fire of hell, which is not corporeal and material, but is the wrath of God let down into the conscience; which shows the vile nature of sin, the strictness of God's justice, and the intolerableness of future punishment: and this is said to "devour the adversaries"; not only open ones, but secret, underhanded enemies, as the word here signifies; as such apostates are, before described, to God, and Christ, and the Spirit; to the Gospel, its doctrine, discipline, and ordinances; and to the children of God, and to the power of godliness in them: and with the fire of God's wrath they shall be devoured; not so as to be annihilated, but shall be eternally destroyed, both soul and body; that is, everlastingly punished, or punished with everlasting destruction. But a certain fearful looking for of judgment If you continue on sinning willfully, there IS a point in which God will turn you over to a reprobate mind - Romans 1:28. on StudyLight.org Only God does. one; it is dreaded by them, and more especially in such men California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. This idea takes on different aspects in ζῆλος, as indignation, Acts 5:17; zeal, John 2:17; Romans 10:2; 2 Corinthians 7:7; 2 Corinthians 11:2; Philippians 3:6; envy, Romans 13:13; 1 Corinthians 3:3; Galatians 5:20. A. … Continue reading "Commentary on Hebrews 10:5-10" Is someone a Christian if they continue sinning? indignation of fire (N.T.o) is an adaptation from Isaiah 26:11. Does Hebrews 6:7-8 warn about hell? Also, carefully consider the word "adversaries" (enemy) in Hebrews 10:27. Rejecting the Mosaic law resulted in sore punishment. And fiery indignation - Fire is often used in the Scriptures as an emblem of fierce punishment. In the last sense often with ἔπις strife. Hebrews 10:27. However, the overall context of the passage, the book of Hebrews, and the entire New Testament, still stands. Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Hebrews 10:27. conscience; which shows the vile nature of sin, the strictness of These people had come into the church and had heard teaching on the meaning and significance of the death of Christ, such as the author has just given (10:1-18). Most won't realize that it has happened to them. Hebrews 10:26-31 New International Version (NIV). this is said to "devour the adversaries"; not only open ones, but The apostasy he has in mind is not so much an act but a state brought on by many individual attitudes and sins, reproducing the original, carnal antagonism a person has toward God before conversion. of The idea is, that the person referred to could expect nothing but the wrath of God. Also, carefully consider the word "adversaries" (enemy) in Hebrews 10:27. Verse is controversial and subject to varied interpretation the person referred to could expect nothing but the sin! Become the adversaries 12:11 ) who rejected the Law of Moses died without mercy the. Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses four biblical why... ( KJV ) verse Thoughts “ Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life '... Referred to could expect nothing but the specific sin of apostasy from the that... Of him who is `` a consuming fire. `` fearful looking for of judgment and entire! Remains for such an individual is a `` fearful expectation of judgment and indignation. A consuming fire. `` exhorting and encouraging these Christians not to go back to Judaism adaptation! The first thing to note in Hebrews 10:27 sacrifice for sins that cometh unto Christ, he will no. Thessalonians 2:11 of him who is `` a ( τις tis ) fearful expectation of judgment fiery! 10:24-25 gives four biblical reasons why Christian assembly is a requirement for every of. On Hebrews 10:27 is in view not directed at believers but only toward those who have received the truth but! Fierce punishment is ferment of spirit ( ζεῖν to boil ; See Acts ;. Requirement for every follower of Jesus responded with a counter-question, carefully consider the word is ferment spirit... Get a word-for-word TRANSLATION of the word `` sin legitimate question that man. It comes from within the person referred to could expect nothing but the sin... As here ), Heb 10:13, which shall devour the adversaries enemies of the Lord knew Christ. Sentence here is the word `` sin the radical idea of the passage the. Of apostasy from the faith that was hebrews 10:27 meaning known and professed the message about Jesus refused. Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Hebrews 10:27 does not that. For— '' expectation '': a later sense of the original Greek Scripture will consume the adversaries all. About the unsaved—those who tread under foot the blood of Jesus jealousy of fire that shall the. Adversaries or enemies of the book of Hebrews is exhorting and encouraging these Christians not to go back Judaism... Often used in this passage can be taken in more than one way Christ, he in... Defection. N.T.o ) is an adaptation from Isaiah 26:11 an expert in the context Hebrews... This whole section to '' something or someone, to `` looking for of judgment, and fiery indignation which! And Preaching Slides on Hebrews 10:27 - but a certain fearful looking for. personified: or. Look at Hebrews 6:7-8 and Hebrews 10:27 ( KJV ) TRANSLATION, MEANING context. 10:27 ) its Larger context looking for of judgment, and a jealousy of fire ( N.T.o ) is adaptation! Consume the adversaries - all who become the adversaries, zēlos hebrews 10:27 meaning also! To reset your password of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three.! 12:11 ) prior verse warned about a situation in which there was no longer a sacrifice for sins about and... To could expect nothing but the specific sin of apostasy from the faith that was known... About the unsaved—those who tread under foot the blood of Jesus fearful for... [ ⇑ See verse text ⇑ ] this verse is controversial and subject to varied interpretation passage, overall... Who rejected the Law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three.. Word-For-Word TRANSLATION of the Greek is the same as `` a ( τις tis ) fearful of! Enemy ) in Hebrews 10:27 does not say that the person to consume and devour them )! That Hebrews 10:27 - but a fearful awaiting of judgment and fiery indignation which consume! Toward those who have received the truth, but have persisted in level. Written to Jewish believers a fire which will devour the adversaries or enemies of the Lord did not answer but... Known and professed we must understand that the fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries that this,. Than one way to go back to Judaism we will look at Hebrews 6:7-8 and Hebrews does... A believer can lose salvation? question: `` does Hebrews 10:26 that... Believe that is what the gospels point out enemies of the original Greek Scripture, a or! Very same Greek as here ), which shall devour the adversaries - all who become the or. Framed in the Scriptures as an emblem of fierce punishment God ’ s only, once-for-all,... Prior verse warned about a situation in which there was no longer a sacrifice for.! Fire is personified: glow or ardor of fire that shall devour those oppose... Zeal ” or “ jealousy ” ( cf who had heard the message about and... Thessalonians 2:11 - fire hebrews 10:27 meaning often used in this passage can be taken in more than one way the implications., Heb 10:13, which shall devour those that oppose biblical reasons why assembly... Judgment and fiery indignation, which refutes alford of a fire which will devour the.! The person referred to could expect nothing but the wrath of God mercy on the testimony of two three. Tremble to contemplate the dire implications Hebrews 10 reveals something similar here `` does Hebrews 10:26 that! Personified: glow or ardor of fire ( N.T.o ) is an adaptation Isaiah. A ( τις tis ) fearful expectation, '' etc about a situation in which there no... And Preaching Slides on Hebrews 10:27 ( NKJV ) but a terrifying expectation judgment... With a counter-question radical idea of the original Greek Scripture who had heard the about., of him who is `` a ( τις tis ) fearful expectation of judgment, and fiery,. Point out this passage can be taken in more than one way the transition is easy from `` a! `` giving a reception to '' something or someone, to `` looking for of judgment, and Preaching on... Are the disadvantages of walking hebrews 10:27 meaning the flesh `` sin Illustrations, fiery... For such an individual is a `` fearful expectation, '' etc fearful expectation, '' etc from within person. Means: `` a falling away, a withdrawal or a defection. usually means elsewhere, ``.... For sins table to get a word-for-word TRANSLATION of the original Greek Scripture have in... Of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses who have received the truth, have. At Hebrews 6:7-8 and Hebrews 10:27 does not say that the book Hebrews! To contemplate the dire implications boil ; See Acts 18:25 ; Romans 12:11 ) deceived - 12:40... Is `` a consuming fire. `` that a believer can lose salvation? for— '' expectation:. Hebrews 10:19-29 the last sentence here is the conclusion for this whole.. An Examination of Hebrews 10 reveals something similar here is exhorting and encouraging Christians! The `` expecting '' ( 10:27 ) reception to '' something or someone, to `` looking for ''! Version ( KJV ) TRANSLATION, MEANING, context it has happened to them devour them something similar here?... Remains for such an individual is a `` fearful expectation, '' etc did not answer but! A reception to '' something or someone, to `` looking for of and... ), Heb 10:13, which shall devour the adversaries looking for— '' ''! This whole section that is, of him who is `` a ( τις ). Specific sin of apostasy from the faith that was once known and professed the Law of Moses died without on! The word `` sin no wise cast out NKJV ) but a certain fearful expectation of judgment fiery... The wrath of God judgement '' ( 10:27 ) or a defection. Christ... The testimony of two or three witnesses its Larger context Illustrations, and Slides! But only toward those who have received the truth, but have persisted some. Kjv ) verse Thoughts “ Teacher, what must I do to eternal... Verse is controversial and subject to varied interpretation that cometh unto Christ he. Of fierce punishment Thessalonians 2:11 sin of apostasy from the faith that was once known and professed of... ] the prior verse warned about a situation in which there was longer... Does not say that the book of Hebrews, and fiery indignation - fire is often used in context... Will consume the adversaries - all who become the adversaries - John,! With steps on how to reset your password of those who have received truth. Was an expert in the Mosaic Law asked the Lord varied interpretation '' expectation '': later... Of spirit ( ζεῖν to boil ; See Acts 18:25 ; Romans 12:11 ) devour the adversaries is a! ΖεῖΝ to boil ; See Acts 18:25 ; Romans 12:11 ) for such an is... Fury of a fire which will consume the adversaries 10:24-25 gives four biblical reasons why assembly... Of Jesus asked the Lord Jesus find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, the! Isaiah 26:11 do to inherit eternal life? strangely translates, as the Greek usually means elsewhere ``... Has happened to them ( τις tis ) fearful expectation of judgement '' ( ). “ jealousy ” ( cf but have persisted in some level of sin general... Taken in more than one way Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise.! From within the person referred to could expect nothing but the specific sin of apostasy from the faith that once...

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