On a visit to eastern Japan, MBA students talked to Masamichi Ono, CEO of chrysanthemum grower Ono Kashoen, which shifted strategy after a massive earthquake killed thousands of area residents. Japan was struck, in the mid-afternoon of Friday, March 11, 2011, by the country’s largest ever recorded earthquake. Today, the Kurashiki “Bikan (beautiful scenery)” Historical Quarter makes a fantastic tourist destination. Toyota, Honda, and Nissan were all directly affected by the devastation, due to significant damage to plants, parts suppliers’ operations, and energy shortages. Ozawa's plant produces over 370,000 Nissan and Infiniti engines yearly, and Iwaki's "Gambappe" recovery -- even after a second quake struck in early April -- became a symbol of Japan's resilience amid the tragedy. Another unique aspect of the program is that participants write up their own case studies—an opportunity usually reserved for faculty. This approach is the equivalent of imposing fiscal austerity during a recession. A calamity of such tremendous proportions requires disaster management of the highest level. After all of the tragic glamour of the disaster subsides, however, the public rarely hears any more about the victims, who are forced to rebuild their lives for years. TOKYO, Jan. 05, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- NHK WORLD-JAPAN, the English-language international service of Japan’s sole public broadcaster, NHK, announced the world broadcast premiere of 3/11 … The combined damages from the earthquake and the tsunami totaled to around $300 billion. "His understanding of his business was redefined from a simple chrysanthemum producer to a provider of closures for families who have lost their loved ones. The earthquake destroyed the Japanese economy. Japan’s summer of chaos has seen the country endure weeks of deadly floods, typhoons, earthquakes, landslides and heatwaves, in what disaster management experts say is … By helping each other grow and recover we preserve industry, trade and the lives of individuals who do not have a place to call home. He tells students that the course "focuses on the links between strategy and innovation that prove useful in rebuilding a region post disaster.". ‘Build back better’, as a policy, is an integral part of planning for disaster resilience in Japan. Natural Disaster and Nuclear Crisis in Japan book. This chapter focuses on the experiences and processes of earthquake recovery to discuss the general state of disaster recovery in Japan. A case on clothing retailer UNIQLO, for example, begins with a store manager's shifting of work schedules to increase profitability. As the disaster recedes into the past, the students are shifting focus. While Japan is rather used to getting hit with natural disasters, as it has been home to some of the worst disasters in the 21st century, according to the Japan Times, it still has around 230,000 people living in temporary housing four years after the tsunami. "Post-disaster settings provide opportunities to examine the effectiveness of leadership in mobilizing people and resources in highly dynamic situations," says Hirotaka Takeuchi, a professor of management practice who leads the annual excursion. It is imperative for the global community to understand the old economic theory of the butterfly effect — when one problem occurs, even if it is halfway across the world, it will have repercussions for everyone. Harvard Business School students make an annual trek to businesses in the Japanese area wrecked by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. Japan earthquake and tsunami of 2011 - Japan earthquake and tsunami of 2011 - Relief and rebuilding efforts: In the first hours after the earthquake, Japanese Prime Minister Kan Naoto moved to set up an emergency command centre in Tokyo, and a large number of rescue workers and some 100,000 members of the Japanese Self-Defense Force were rapidly mobilized to deal with the crisis. But if one decides to go slightly awry, disaster can strike. It was memorable to hear him talk about how his mission in life was developed and how he had redefined his business.". It's common in Harvard Business School classrooms to discuss the "pivot," the moment an enterprise changes direction to pursue a new strategy. Japan has also been the site of some of the 10 worst natural disasters of the 21st century. Harvard Business School Working Knowledge, Copyright © President & Fellows of Harvard College, Learning From Japan’s Remarkable Disaster Recovery, by ・Location The earth has twelve major tectonic plates, of which four converge in the Japanese archipelago. The magnitude of these damages is quite obvious in comparison with other recent disasters. As the nation struggled to recover from a record breaking magnitude 9 earthquake and a tsunami that was as high as thirty-eight meters in some places, news trickled out that Fukushima had experienced meltdowns in three reactors. The manager is quickly pulled aside by his regional manager and told, "UNIQLO's mission in Kesennuma is to create jobs. DOI link for Natural Disaster and Nuclear Crisis in Japan. Over the last three years, program participants have visited with executives at dozens of organizations—Google and Yahoo!, health care organizations, even a knitting business in a fishing village. Response and Recovery after Japan's 3/11. Business School faculty. Each winter, 900 HBS students dispatch around the world to see businesses up close, learn what they can about how they are run, and share their own knowledge with the leaders of a wide variety of enterprises, from mom-and-pop shops to megacorporations. Ceremonies to mark the anniversary of the 2011 disaster will take place across Japan on Friday, as the long recovery efforts continue. While Japan is rather used to getting hit with natural disasters, as it has been home to some of the worst disasters in the 21st century, according to the Japan Times, it still has around 230,000 people living in temporary housing four years after the tsunami. After the 2011 East Japan Great Earthquake and tsunami devastated much of Japan, some economists proposed that the government should finance the recovery by raising taxes, rather than issuing debt. by Sean Silverthorne . Within an hour, parts of Japan’s northeast coast were hit by a wall of water that swept away cars, boats, trains, buildings, roads—and thousands of lives. Response and Recovery after Japan's 3/11. Natural Disaster and Nuclear Crisis in Japan book. Disaster Areas in Recovery: Kurashiki - Japan’s Regional Charm - JapanGov Kurashiki City, located in Okayama Prefecture, was a flourishing town during the 17th and 18th centuries, a time when the trade of goods thrived along its canals. – The Huffington Post, https://borgenproject.org/wp-content/uploads/The_Borgen_Project_Logo_small.jpg, What We Fail to Mention About Foreign Aid, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Devastated but rebuilding, the Tohoku region is a fertile teaching ground, allowing students to learn how local businesses exercised disaster preparedness and recovery, and how entrepreneurs are finding opportunities for economic revival. Learn about fresh research and ideas from Harvard Slowly, vehicles made it to the disaster zone, while at the Iwaki factory in Fukushima, General Manager Nobuhiro Ozawa and team faced their own extensive structural damage. Their objectives: learn all they can about human resilience and share their own management knowledge. In the United States, there are organizations such as the Red Cross and FEMA, which allocate money and volunteers to help in the event of an emergency. The experience of immersing themselves into the lives and business of the people in the region had a profound effect on the students. Natural Disaster and Nuclear Crisis in Japan . In September 1987, the Japan Disaster Relief Team Law (the JDR Law) was enacted to enhance dispatch systems for rescue and expert teams. "Yet, for the CEOs who are succeeding, they care less about how they are perceived in society; they have the courage to pursue their mission no matter the adversary. The students listened to a family member explain how the business was rebuilt, and provided their own suggestions, says Takeuchi. Some of the 18 cases published or in development in the "The Great East Japan Earthquake" series include reports on Google Japan and Yahoo! Quantitative and … This translates to a swift recovery after disaster occurs. Questions raised over disaster preparedness in wake of Typhoon Hagibis. This came … There are four reasons why there are so many natural disasters in Japan. A unique approach to historic preservation Though Japanese infrastructure and commerce tend to recover quickly from natural (and other) disasters, the people have a long memory. Japan’s earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011 shook the country and damaged countless businesses, most notably its auto industry. Japan is the only one country most affected by natural disasters mainly due to it being in the Ring of Fire.Two out of the five most expensive natural disasters in recent history have occurred in Japan, in 1995 and 2011, costing $181 billion. Photo: The New York Times, “The Borgen Project is an incredible nonprofit organization that is addressing poverty and hunger and working towards ending them.” By Christine Lagarde. Water, wind, fire and earth are four key elements which, when combined properly, create a perfectly harmonious world. Harvard Business School students make an annual trek to businesses in the Japanese area wrecked by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. JAPAN AND NATURAL DISASTER . Ten years ago, in November 2006, Al Jazeera English was launched. Besides the four principal islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu, and the relatively large islands such as the main island of Okinawa, there are around 4,000 small islands. Only 30% of Fukushima residents happy with disaster recovery progress January 1, 2021 (Mainichi Japan) SENDAI, Japan (Kyodo) -- Nearly 10 years … He works with the small teams doing the work. It took less than one hour for the tsunami that devastated Japan in 2011 to reach shore. Contaminated water was only another issue on a long list of things that needed to be fixed after this collection of tragic events. "When we interviewed many Japanese CEOs, it was interesting to see how Japanese society doesn't reward people who stick out—worse, they criticize and hammer down the nail that sticks out," Mukae says. Edited By Jeff Kingston. This means that the likelihood of earthquakes and volcanic activity due to the plates’ movement is dramatically increased. [alert-note] Disaster Type: Volcano | Year: 1999 | Place: Location Japan [/alert-note]This is one of the most active volcanoes among several others in Japan; the volcano was reported to have erupted more than 200 times in 1995, the most active of the four years, 1995-99. A year on from the devastating earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan, we look at the human and financial cost of the disaster as well as the progress made in the country's reconstruction . Disaster Prevention Information Tokyo Disaster Prevention Information Website. Disaster can ruin lives, but that does not mean that we should let it. First, the characteristics of natural disasters in Japan are summarized using statistical data. This policy puts emphasis on addressing the underlying causes of disaster vulnerability during the recovery process so that people, infrastructures and assets can withstand the impacts of future disasters. The disastrous 2011 tsunami has brought the country’s vulnerability to nature’s fury to the forefront. Sites of destruction may be rebuilt, but they are also memorialized and preserved in interesting ways. Water strikes in the form of a tsunami, one of which hit Japan rather brutally in 2011 and whose mark can still be seen four years later. DOI link for Natural Disaster and Nuclear Crisis in Japan. To repair the damage, Japan enacted a seven step plan, which has been slowly making progress and is almost complete. This earthquake caused a crack in a nuclear reactor close to Japanese water supplies, and this small, fiery crack led to a whole host of issues. But none of this would have been possible without the aid of foreign nations and the support systems they have in place. Such huge was the impact of this natural disaster that Japan’s nuclear power plants were shut down so as to prevent any radiation leakage. Together, the massive earthquake in Japan and the tsunami that followed made up one of the most costly calamities caused by a natural disaster in modern history, and The World Bank estimated that the disaster left Japan with damages totaling about $235 billion. This natural disaster was a catastrophe causing 941 deaths and 807 houses washed out. "This allows HBS to make a difference by leaving best practices for future generations to study when disasters hit.". In this way, it is expected that the outcome and discussion can provide effective insights for both domestic and international disaster-related efforts. Interested in improving your business? In Japan, earthquakes, typhoons, and other natural disasters are frequent. Sources: IFRC, Live Science Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko will appear at a … This came as a result of Japan existing within the “Ring of Fire,” which is the area of the world most susceptible to earthquakes due to tectonic plate positioning. One of these programs, called the Immersion Experience Program (IXP), each year sends 30 or so potential MBAs to Japan, where they receive a unique education made possible by one of the most lethal disasters in modern history. The March 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan plunged the country into a state of crisis. Select recovery documents and publications. And in such a case, the authorities are as helpless as the citizens themselves. Since the past 1,000 or more years, Japan has suffered thousands of disasters, most of which were earthquakes and tsunamis, along with typhoons and volcanic eruptions. Countermeasures against disasters in Japan can be broadly classified into (1) research into the scientific and technical aspects of disaster prevention, (2) the reinforcement of the disaster prevention system, its facilities and equipment, and other preventive measures, (3) construction projects designed to enhance the country's ability to defend against disasters, (4) emergency measures and recovery operations, … While the IRFC has developed several guidelines and regulations, few states have followed these regulations without contradicting one another. Japan-World Bank program for mainstreaming disaster risk management in developing countries (PDF, 1.9MB) 2019 [GFDRR]Towards Mabi's recovery " Lessons one year on (PDF, 1.4MB) 2019 [CWS JAPAN]Eight years after Fukushima nuclear accident - Community recovery and reconstruction from nuclear and radiological disasters - a … After the disaster that killed 15,884, with another 2633 still missing, international media ran timelapse photos of the apparent speed of Japan's recovery. Disaster can strike without warning and the side effects can lasts for years afterward. In a JMA issued Volcanic advisory no. more Publications. Some 16,000 people were killed, hundreds of thousands displaced, and 383,000 buildings damaged-including the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power facility, which suffered a meltdown of three reactors. These tragic catastrophes claimed some 20,000 lives, initially displacing some 500,000 … Why Japan is called a “disaster powerhouse”? ", Japanese students at HBS came up with the idea to write their own cases, and Takeuchi readily agreed. Recovery has been slow partially because of the involvement of another element, earth: Soon after the tsunami hit, an earthquake followed. It is not about profitability. Kazumasa Mukae, also at Mitsui, says her personal management style has changed as well. A system is being created to utilize existing logistics networks during a disaster. Recently, the organization has strived to perfect its work by releasing guidelines that strictly adhere to those adopted by state parties at the Geneva Convention, and have also created model acts and disaster law databases to permit governments to ensure that they are getting the best help possible. Japan has historically been hit by a spate of natural calamities. In January, for instance, students met with the Anzai family, whose orchard produces apples, pears, and peaches in Fukushima. In addition, a support system has been started up by a consortium of civil society organizations and private enterprises. Now the emphasis is transitioning from business recovery to business creation, so students are concentrating on stories told by entrepreneurs. A partial revision of the Japan International Cooperation Agency Law, which involves the addition of emergency relief supplies to its scope of operation, led to the establishment of Japan' s comprehensive emergency disaster relief system. Learning From Japan’s Remarkable Disaster Recovery. They've talked with public officials in Japan and the staff of the US Embassy, and undertaken service projects as part of their international experiential learning. A swift recovery after disaster occurs the characteristics of natural calamities disaster strikes, Media coverage of the century. ``, Japanese students at HBS came up with the idea to write their own management knowledge international disaster-related.. 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