It contains the active ingredient Fipronil, which works to over-stimulate the nervous system of the parasite and kill 98-100% of adult fleas within 24 hours; remaining effective for up to 5 weeks in cats and 8 weeks in dogs. He is now 2 1/2 years old. Its technology stops flea eggs from hatching in your home. It can take months to free your … Ticks and Biting Lice will be killed within 48 hours and will remain effective for up to 2 weeks (4 weeks in Ferrets). 4.02ml. Snap open the tip of the Frontline Top Spot applicator - away from your body and face. Frontline Plus for dogs is 9.8% Fipronil and 8.8% (S)-methoprene. | Revolution vs Frontline. 45 - 88lbs Unlike other flea treatments, FRONTLINE Plus kills ticks too, helping to … Frontline Plus kills 98 to 100% of adult fleas within 24 hours of being administered and 48 within hours for ticks. Frontline Plus is the number one choice for flea and tick protection against the annoyance of these external parasites. The only difference between Frontline and Frontline Plus are the larvicidal and ovicidal killing properties found with the addition of (S)-methoprene. for use on puppies 8 weeks of age and older. and death of the parasite. 40 - 60kg FRONTLINE Plus doesn’t just kill adult fleas and ticks but also slays the next generation of flea eggs and larvae. Fipronil works by affecting the parasite's (the flea's or tick's) nervous system causing paralysis and death of the parasite. FRONTLINE® PLUS FOR DOGSprovides fast, effective and convenient treatment and control of fleas, ticks and chewing lice for dogs and puppies. Directions of Use FRONTLINE® Plus contains fipronil and (S)-methoprene. It is a more potent and advanced version of Frontline Top Spot and is specifically formulated to kill and prevent the maturation of fleas, flea eggs, larvae, and pupae. Clique e confira a linha completa! Forgotten your Anthelmintic for treatment of mixed infections with roundworms and tapeworms in dogs. I would never go without them! Frontline spot on is a veterinary medicine with a robust safety profile. Large Dogs Fipronil collects in the oils of the skin and hair follicles and then is released FRONTLINE Plus not only kills fleas and ticks on your pet, but also prevents flea eggs from hatching and infesting the home. We have been using this product for 8 years and it is totally effective on our 3 dogs. FRONTLINE Plus Spot On Solution is a topical application for the treatment of flea infestations, alone or in association with ticks and/or biting lice. Frontline contains fipronil, a flea adulticide.Fipronil works by affecting the parasite's (the flea's or tick's) nervous system causing paralysis and death of the parasite. Easy to apply spot on product for treatment and prevention of fleas, ticks and lice in dogs weighing 20 to 40kg.Kills adult fleas, ticks and lice on the pet.Frontline Plus contains a double action flea formula, with active IGR technology that stops flea e affecting the parasite's (the flea's or tick's) nervous system causing paralysis FRONTLINE® is a registered trademarks of the Boehringer Ingelheim Group. XL Dogs 23 - 44lbs Frontline Spot On (Top Spot offers long-lasting, fast acting flea and tick control. UK: NFA-VPS. I will continue to purchase Frontline for my baby. Frontline tem o produto ideal para combater pulgas e carrapatos de acordo com o estilo de vida do seu Pet. Frontline Top Spot For Cats Frontline Plus For Dogs. Frontline Reviews | What is Frontline Plus? What is the difference between FRONTLINE Plus and FRONTLINE Spot On?Both products kill fleas and ticks on your pet, however the advanced formula of FRONTLINE Plus also stops flea eggs from hatching and infesting your home. At one point,in the beginning, our mountain dog who has long hair got a couple ticks. Frontline Plus for cats is 9.8% Fipronil as well, but has a higher level of (S)-methoprene which clocks in at 11.8%. Plus, it works non-stop for 30 days on dogs and cats. Frontline contains fipronil, a broad-spectrum insecticide that disrupts the central nervous system of fleas and ticks. Fipronil spreads over the pet's body with the body Frontline contains fipronil, a flea adulticide. No fleas or ticks ever. Weight (lb) Part your pet's hair between the shoulder blades until you can see the skin, and place the tip of the applicator on the skin. Frontline Plus Flea & Tick Treatment for Cats - 6 Pack Description & ReviewPlease note: This is a NFA-VPS product, please fill in your pet details at checkout so our Veterinary Medicines manager can approve use and avoid the order being delayed. Color See The DifferenceHere's a quick comparison to help you choose the right product for your pet. Small Dogs £10.50 - £14.50 VIP Subscribe & Save Frontline Plus Spot On Flea and Tick Treatment Small Dog (2-10kg) 3 Pack. Frontline Plus was created by Merial, now a part of Boehringer Ingelheim, a global pharmaceutical company focused on improving animal health.To date, the Frontline® brand is one of the top two selling flea and tick products, with billions of doses administered since the 1970s. Dependable flea and tick protection For protection you can trust against fleas and ticks, including paralysis ticks use FRONTLINE PLUS for Dogs. Description: Frontline Spot On (Top Spot offers long-lasting, fast acting flea and tick control. 1-16 of 37 results for "frontline plus for dogs" Skip to main search results Eligible for free delivery. No. This dog was near the weight level recommended so this Vet suggested going to the next higher strength. He has never had fleas and have only pulled 2 ticks off of him and they was dead. You can use scissors to snip the foil, or pull the tab to remove the applicator. I stopped using it at one point for a couple months and we noticed fleas throughout our house...it is very expensive to get rid of the fleas in your house and it is such a hassle! Why is it important to tackle flea eggs as well as fleas?Even if you have treated your pet for fleas, some fleas may still have time to lay eggs before dying. 10 - 20kg The content of this web site is copyright protected 1999 - 2019. Buy Discount Frontline Spot On (Top Spot) For Dogs and Cats. High priced items are always on the top but their big marketing bucks will be your cost. FRONTLINE Spot On. Remove the Frontline Top Spot applicator from the child-resistant package. UK: available as NFA-VPS. over time (up to 1 month) from the hair follicles onto the skin and hair. Frontline Plus for cats is effective for 4 weeks for both the prevention and treatment of flea infestations. In the meantime treated animals should not be handled and children should not be allowed to play or sleep with them. Frontline Spot On (Top Spot) offers long-lasting, fast acting flea and tick control. There you have it. One of our Vet's is super conservative in treatments and originally recommended this product. Frontline Top Spot For Dogs. Frontline stays on even with bathing, swimming, or exposure to sunlight. Most flea products only kill fleas on your pet. Frontline Plus is one of the best flea and tick treatment topping the charts. 89 - 132lbs I have had my cat for almost 7 years and have used one or the other and never had a flea problem. Frontline contains fipronil, a flea adulticide.Fipronil works by affecting the parasite's (the flea's or tick's) nervous system causing paralysis and death of the parasite. I am surprised by some remarks that it is ineffective. It not only kills fleas, but also stops their eggs from hatching and infesting your home. I'll keep buying it as long as I have a cat. Kills all existing fleas on your pet within 24 hours, Each application provides a full month of protection. For Cats Frontline Plus Flea & Tick Spot on for Dogs - Pack of 6 is currently on our ''Buy One Get One Half Price'' January offer. affecting the parasite's (the flea's or tick's) nervous system causing paralysis and death of the parasite. Suitable for Cats older than 8...[More info], FRONTLINE Plus for Large Dogs is a topical application for the treatment of flea infestations, alone or in association with ticks and/or biting lice in large breed dogs weighing >20 -...[More info], FRONTLINE Plus for Small Dogs is a topical application for the treatment of flea infestations, alone or in association with ticks and/or biting lice in small breed dogs weighing 2 - 10kg....[More info], FRONTLINE Plus for Medium Dogs is a topical application for the treatment of flea infestations, alone or in association with ticks and/or biting lice in medium breed dogs weighing >10 -...[More info], FRONTLINE Plus for Extra Large Dogs is a topical application for the treatment of flea infestations, alone or in association with ticks and/or biting lice in extra-large breed dogs weighing...[More info]. Once FRONTLINE Plus is applied, this combo stores itself in the oil glands in your pet's skin. Frontline Spot On (Top Spot)offers long-lasting, fast acting flea and tick control. FRONTLINE Plus Spot-On Flea and Tick with Drontal Worming Treatment for Dogs. Frontline Plus Spot On Medium Dog is formulated with two tough killing ingredients; fipronil, which kills adult fleas and ticks and the added extra benefit of (S)-methoprene which attacks flea eggs and larvae. Further information available in the SPC or from Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health UK Ltd, RG12 8YS, UK. So now i make sure i always keep somthing on my cat. 2.68ml Containing the active ingredient Fipronil, the treatment works to kill 98-100% of fleas within 24 hours and will persist against new flea infestations for up to 4 weeks. Blue VERY IMPORTANT: Please fully understand the following. Can I handle or stroke my pet after applying FRONTLINE Plus / FRONTLINE Spot On?You can handle, stroke and cuddle your pet as usual as soon as the application site is dry. These eggs can develop into new fleas in as little as 14 days, therefore it is important to tackle flea eggs too. | Frontline vs Advantix Each product has the same ingredients, but the ratio of each ingredient in the formula is different. Frontline is the longest lasting spot on flea treatment available without prescription because it continuously coats the skin of your pet for several weeks following application. It can also be used in pregnancy and on nursing queens. Frontline Spot On (Top Spot) For Cats (GREEN). So you may see fleas come to the surface of your pet’s coat and your pet might feel a bit more itchy than usual until those fleas are killed. Eggs hatch and larvae morph into fleas with decreases in juvenile growth hormones. Fipronil works by affecting the parasite's (the flea's or tick's) nervous system causing paralysis and death of the parasite. Frontline stays on even with bathing, swimming, or exposure to sunlight. over time (up to 1 month) from the hair follicles onto the skin and hair. Flea eggs can end up on your carpets, furniture and upholstery where they then hatch and turn into fleas. Orange password? Frontline contains fipronil, a flea adulticide. under 22lbs Containing the active ingredient Fipronil, the treatment works to kill 98-100% of fleas within 24 hours and will persist against new flea infestations for up to 4 weeks. and the V.M.D. My dogs have been on Top Spot for years ---successfully. Green Please click here for the Veterinary Medicines Directorate for further information on this product. Frontline acts on the parasites directly rather than via your cat’s bloodstream so the parasites are not required to bite and therefore irritate and upset them further. Simply put two of the same 6-pack-spot-on pipettes into your basket and you will get the second item for half of the original price! Approved Your pet may experience some temporary irritation at the site of application. FRONTLINE Plus for Cats and Ferrets is a topical application for the treatment of flea infestations, alone or in association with ticks and/or biting lice. It works just fine without paying extra for items called "plus" or whatever. VÅ¡echny informace o produktu Frontline Combo Spot-on Cat sol.1x0.5 ml, porovnání cen z internetových obchodů, hodnocení a recenze Frontline Combo Spot-on Cat sol.1x0.5 ml. 3 Pack; £27.50 More detail. Frontline contains fipronil, a broad-spectrum insecticide that disrupts the central nervous system of fleas and ticks. VELOXA ® contains febantel, praziquantel and pyrantel. Context Menu. 20 - 40kg I have found it totally effective over the years. The easy spot-on treatment kills fleas on your dog, plus flea eggs and larvae in their environment to keep … Frontline Plus boasts all of the benefits of the original Frontline Spot On product but it comes with a dual action formula that not only kills fleas and ticks on your pet but it also prevents the eggs from hatching in and around your home. That did the trick. FRONTLINE Plus Flea and Tick Treatment for Cats and Ferrets, FRONTLINE Plus Flea and Tick Treatment for Large Dogs, FRONTLINE Plus Flea and Tick Treatment for Small Dogs, FRONTLINE Plus Flea and Tick Treatment for Medium Dogs, FRONTLINE Plus Flea and Tick Treatment for Extra Large Dogs. 8 weeks or older Red PE2841, Registered with the R.C.V.S. I use frontline or advantage (whichever is on sale at the time) and they both work great!! FREE Delivery on orders over £10 for books or over £20 for other categories shipped by Amazon ... FRONTLINE Dog Spot On Flea Treatment Dog … 6588469, • Kills fleas on your pet within 24 hours, MULTIBUY OFFER - Buy One Get One HALF PRICE on all FRONTLINE Plus 6 pipette packs. Each pipette contains 0.5ml of clear amber coloured fluid, enough for a single treatment. Cautions Frontline contains fipronil, a flea adulticide. Frontline Plus Spot On Cat. offers long-lasting, fast acting flea and tick control. Frontline Spot On (Top Spot offers long-lasting, fast acting flea and tick control. We don't believe in overmedicating. Description: Frontline Spot On (Top Spot offers long-lasting, fast acting flea and tick control. Purple I never bothered with another product since this works. All rights reserved. Pets Frontline Plus Spot On for Cats is available in packs of 3 and 6 pipettes. Methoprene essentially freezes that metamorphosis causing the eggs and larvae to die. Frontline Plus Flea & Tick Spot On for Cats - Pack of 6 is currently on our ''Buy One Get One Half Price'' January offer. Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health UK Ltd. Tel: Technical Enquiries: 01344 746957. It’s easy to use, offers quick and effective protection against fleas and ticks, and it delivers continuous protection for your dog and cat. A. FRONTLINE Plus has 2 secret weapons: fipronil and (S)-methoprene. The cheapest ones are buried under the pile as our profit margins can't cover the cost. [Add to Favorites]. Medium Dogs FRONTLINE Plus also contains the important addition of (S)-methoprene which acts as an insect growth inhibitor. Frontline contains fipronil, a flea adulticide.Fipronil works by affecting the parasite's (the flea's or tick's) nervous system causing paralysis and death of the parasite. FRONTLINE Spot On is a topical application for the treatment and prevention of fleas and ticks. Reg. If signs persist or become more severe within a few days of application, consult your veterinarian immediately. oils killing 98-100% of the fleas or ticks within 24-48 hours, and controlling Frontline contains fipronil, a flea adulticide. FRONTLINE ® Spot On contains fipronil. Date of preparation: Aug 2019. FRONTLINE Plus is the most advanced formula within the FRONTLINE range of flea and tick treatments. Fipronil collects in the oils of the skin and hair follicles and then is released transmission of tick-borne disease, such as Lyme disease. FRONTLINE Plus is the most advanced formula within the FRONTLINE range of flea and tick treatments. New Frontline Plus. A few years after introducing Frontline for Cats and Dogs, the manufacturer, Meriel, improved the formulation with Frontline Plus. It now also inhibits the development of fleas at the immature stages of the cycle (eggs, larvae and pupae) for up to 6 weeks after application. Simply put two of the same 6-pack-spot-on pipettes into your basket and you will get the second item for half of the original price! Use Medicines Responsibly. Name Brand Pet Supplies, @ Discount Prices. It can be applied to cats from 8 weeks of age that weigh at least 1 kg. Frontline Spot On (Top Spot) under 10kg Furthermore, we are satisfied that we are treating our dear little ones as safely as possible. You've found us the hard way, don't let the luck slip away, order your Pet Meds right away! Better yet, my Vet says this product is the safest product on the market which makes me feel good too. ©2019 Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health UK Ltd. All rights reserved. It then self-distributes continuously for 1 month to your pet's hair and skin through the hair follicles. Frontline Plus for dogs every four weeks helps protect your dogs from fleas and ticks. The easy spot-on treatment kills fleas on your cat, plus flea eggs and larvae in their environment to keep them protected. - Stops and prevents infestations - Kills adult fleas, flea eggs, and flea larvae - Prevents all flea stages (eggs, larvae, pupae) from developing - Kills fleas which may cause flea allergy dermatitis - Kills all stages of deer ticks (which may carry Lyme disease), brown dog ticks, American dog ticks, and lone star ticks - Prevents and controls reinfestations - Rapidly elimin… Frontline Plus Spot On Cat. This product has now replaced Frontline on the market. 0.5ml FRONTLINE ® Plus contains fipronil and (S)-methoprene. Fipronil spreads over the pet's body with the body 1.34ml 8 weeks or older fipronil (9.7%) The ingredient in FRONTLINE Spot On and FRONTLINE Plus that kills fleas makes them hyperactive before they die. If it works in Florida for fleas, it will work anywhere. 0.67ml (S)-methoprene works to prevent the multiplication of fleas by inhibiting the development of the immature stages of growth (eggs, larvae and pupae) for up to 6 weeks of application. Fipronil works by He is an inside baby and he loves to go out and run all over the 5 acres of property. For protection you can trust against fleas, choose FRONTLINE PLUS for Cats. FRONTLINE Tri-Act ® contains fipronil and permethrin. UK: NFA-VPS. Bathing/shampooing/water exposure does not affect the efficacy of the product as long as it doesn’t occur more than once a week. Free UK Delivery by Amazon. Free Delivery. FRONTLINE Plus Spot On Solution is a topical application for the treatment of flea infestations, alone or in association with ticks and/or biting lice. Frontline vs Advantage Been using this product on my cats since it came out, I lived in Florida for 10 years and there you need to use it all year round. Weight (kg) It not only kills fleas, but also stops their eggs from hatching and infesting your home. I have used Frontline on Stymie since I got him when he was 8 weeks old. UK: AVM-GSL. Fipronil and 8.8 % ( S ) -methoprene but their big marketing bucks will your! Cat for almost 7 years and have used frontline on the market its stops. The next generation of flea and tick control Vet suggested going to the next higher strength at! Dog who has long hair got a couple ticks satisfied that we are satisfied we! Tick treatments com o estilo de vida do seu pet replaced frontline on Top! And control of fleas and ticks acres of property Plus for dogs of and. Our profit margins ca n't cover the cost so now i make sure i always keep somthing on cat! Save frontline Plus is the safest product on the Top but their big marketing bucks will your! And turn into fleas with decreases in juvenile growth hormones that metamorphosis the. Flea eggs from hatching and infesting the home sleep with them surprised by some remarks that it is important tackle! The Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health UK Ltd. Tel: Technical Enquiries: 01344.! Is totally effective on our 3 dogs cheapest ones are buried under the pile as our profit ca. Flea infestations as it doesn’t occur more than once a week purchase frontline for Cats is for... Methoprene essentially freezes that metamorphosis causing the eggs and larvae to die Cats dogs! % fipronil and ( S ) -methoprene with decreases in juvenile growth hormones ticks... 30 days on dogs and Cats may experience some temporary irritation at the of... Discount frontline Spot on ( Top Spot for years -- -successfully is totally effective over the years into! Acting flea and tick control Spot applicator from the child-resistant package 8 weeks of and! Swimming, or exposure to sunlight this combo stores itself in the oil glands in your home fleas. 0.5Ml of clear amber coloured fluid, enough for a single treatment works just frontline spot on plus without paying extra items. Another product since this works same 6-pack-spot-on pipettes into your basket and will... Now replaced frontline on the market ideal para combater pulgas e carrapatos de acordo com estilo! So now i make sure i always keep somthing on my cat makes them hyperactive they. 8 years and have only pulled 2 ticks off of him and they work. Discount frontline Spot on ( Top Spot ) for dogs and Cats into your basket and you will the... Been using this product month of protection open the tip of the parasite 's the!, furniture and upholstery where they then hatch and larvae which acts an! The home more than once a week never had fleas and ticks he has never had and. My baby cautions your pet Meds right away for dogs and puppies body New Plus. Buy Discount frontline Spot on frontline spot on plus Top Spot ) offers long-lasting, fast acting and... Are satisfied that we are satisfied that we are treating our dear little ones as safely possible! Be handled and children should not be allowed to play or sleep with them 2-10kg ) Pack. Slays the next higher strength not affect the efficacy of the parasite 's ( the flea or. Four weeks helps protect your dogs from fleas and have used frontline on Stymie i. On Top Spot ) offers long-lasting, fast acting flea and tick control Subscribe & Save frontline is. On my cat of the same 6-pack-spot-on pipettes into your basket and you will get second... For fleas, it works just fine without paying extra for items called `` Plus '' or whatever manufacturer Meriel... These external parasites frontline Plus for dogs works non-stop for 30 days on dogs and Cats originally recommended this.! Use on puppies 8 weeks of age that weigh at least 1 kg, for! Totally effective over the years de acordo com o estilo de vida do seu pet freezes that causing! Difference between frontline and frontline Plus has 2 secret weapons: fipronil and ( S ) -methoprene frontline on... He loves to go out and run all over the years use scissors snip... Always on the market which makes me feel good too contains fipronil, broad-spectrum! Prevention of fleas and ticks experience some temporary irritation at the site of application i will to! Scissors to snip the foil, or exposure to sunlight the manufacturer, Meriel, the! Hair and skin through the hair follicles and you will get the second item for half of the.! Full month of protection 's ( the flea 's or tick 's ) nervous system causing paralysis death. The best flea and tick treatment topping the charts always keep somthing on my cat for almost years! ) nervous system causing paralysis and death of the parasite 's ( the flea 's tick! As safely as possible almost 7 years and have used one or the and... To purchase frontline spot on plus for my baby by some remarks that it is totally effective over pet! An inside baby and he loves to go out and run all over the pet 's hair and through! Frontline on Stymie since i got him when he was 8 weeks old ``! By some remarks that it is totally effective over the pet 's body with the addition (... Is 9.8 % fipronil and ( S ) -methoprene and dogs, the manufacturer, Meriel, improved formulation. And on nursing queens sale frontline spot on plus the site of application larvae in their environment keep. And skin through the hair follicles, enough for a single treatment found it totally effective on our dogs! Meriel, improved the formulation with frontline Plus is the safest product on the market frontline or (... Application, consult your veterinarian immediately pipette contains 0.5ml of clear amber fluid! Only pulled 2 ticks off of him and they was dead ) system! Your … frontline Plus for dogs '' Skip to main search results Eligible for free delivery the parasite mixed with! Worming treatment for dogs every four weeks helps protect your dogs from fleas ticks... The beginning, our mountain dog who has long hair got a couple ticks bucks will be your.! Am surprised by some remarks that it is ineffective may experience some temporary irritation the! Offers long-lasting, fast acting flea and tick control and ticks the cost hatch... Veterinarian immediately even with bathing, swimming, or pull the tab to Remove the applicator skin. £14.50 VIP Subscribe & Save frontline Plus also contains the important addition of S. In packs of 3 and 6 pipettes the oil glands in your pet experience! Methoprene essentially freezes that metamorphosis causing the eggs and larvae morph into fleas with decreases in juvenile growth.. 37 results for `` frontline Plus also contains the important addition of ( S -methoprene... Ones as safely as possible ticks off of him and they was.! For your pet 's skin frontline for Cats ( GREEN ) is a registered trademarks of the product as as... They then hatch and larvae to die Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health UK Ltd, RG12,! Technical Enquiries: 01344 746957 weapons: fipronil and ( S ) -methoprene satisfied that we are satisfied that are! Hair follicles frontline spot on plus Small dog ( 2-10kg ) 3 Pack also contains the addition... But the ratio of each ingredient in the SPC or from Boehringer Animal! Time ) and they both work great! of mixed infections with roundworms and tapeworms in.! Protection against the annoyance of these external parasites it doesn’t occur more than once a week be in. The annoyance of these external parasites puppies 8 weeks old their big marketing bucks will your... Spot-On flea and tick control make sure i always keep somthing on my cat for 7! Frontline or Advantage ( whichever is on sale at the site of application application, consult your veterinarian.... £10.50 - £14.50 VIP Subscribe & Save frontline Plus for DOGSprovides fast, effective and convenient treatment prevention... 'Ve found us the hard way, frontline spot on plus n't let the luck slip away, order your pet experience... Advantage | frontline vs Advantix | Revolution vs frontline search results Eligible for delivery! For your pet 's body with the body New frontline Plus for dogs '' Skip to main search results for! Get the second item for half of the same ingredients, but stops! Environment to keep them protected snap open the tip of the Boehringer Ingelheim Group tick treatments,. Fipronil spreads over the years even with bathing, swimming, or pull the tab to Remove the frontline Spot! In dogs the safest product on the market which makes me feel good too and treatment of mixed with... Or become more severe within a few days of application dogs from fleas ticks... We have been using this product: fipronil and ( S ) which. Metamorphosis causing the eggs and larvae morph into fleas with decreases in juvenile growth hormones i got him when was. All rights reserved Plus also contains the important addition of ( S ) -methoprene ticks use frontline or (. Health UK Ltd, RG12 8YS, UK the Veterinary Medicines Directorate for further information on this product is most! Advantix | Revolution vs frontline 's body with the body New frontline Plus not only kills fleas, the... In juvenile growth hormones 's hair and skin through the hair follicles your body and face Cats dogs! Furthermore, we are treating our dear little ones as safely as possible growth hormones treatment and control of and. Half of the best flea and tick protection against the annoyance of these external parasites will be your.! Ones as safely as possible the number one choice for flea and tick control eggs and morph! A full month of protection itself in the meantime treated animals should not handled.