Pliny’s Latin text has Esseni. ... As he said this, there occurred a dissension between the Pharisees and Sadducees, and the assembly was divided. These two schools were called, after their founders, Sadducees and Boethusians. The Essenes are discussed in detail by Josephus and Philo. the Pharisees, the Sadducees, and the Herodians. The Essenes were a separate Jewish sect; they lived totally apart from all the other Jews and followed entirely different rules. 21: 5). Pharisees Sadducees Zealots And Essenes Theology Religion Essay. Literally, Sicarii meant “dagger-men”. 9 o Split between three factions of Zealots Website: http://www.covenantpeoplesministry.org/ ( Log Out /  1st Jan 1970 Theology Reference this Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. As a group the Pharisees are distinct for being opposed to the political rulers of Israel, focusing on cere… It may be argued that he regarded the Therapeutae as a contemplative branch of the Essaioi who, he said, pursued an active life (Vita Cont. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. These groups had acted in several roles, they were at times political parties, social movements, and represented different schools of thought. The accounts by Josephus and Philo show that the Essenes (Philo: Essaioi) led a strictly celibate but communal life — often compared by scholars to later Christian monastic living — although Josephus speaks also of another “rank of Essenes” that did get married (War 2.160-161). These conflicts, practically speaking, define the Second Temple Era, a time when the Temple had tremendous authority but questionable legitimacy, and a time when the sacred literature of the Torah, and Bible or Tanakh were being canonized. Both Josephus and Philo have lengthy accounts of their communal meetings, meals and religious celebrations. Rabbi Ovadia Bartenura suggests an alternative meaning (commentary on Mishnah Sota, chapter 9, Mishnah 11). ZEALOT, SADDUCEES, ESSENES, PHARISEES ZEALOT . According to the Talmud, they granted the daughter the same right of inheritance as the son in case the son was dead. As the Sons of Light, this reflected a separate influence from Zoroastrianism via their parent ideology of Pythagoreanism. Pharisees, Essenes, and Galilaeans or Zealots, we may draw up a scheme that is more fluid and shows more gradual transitions from one group to the other. First, Pharisees interpreted Exodus 19:3-6 literally: And Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him out of the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the people of Israel: You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to myself. The Pharisees were rabbis who believed the Temple was unnecessary and Torah was the most important aspect of Jewish life. According to a controversial view put forward by Dead Sea Scrolls Scholar Géza Vermes, both Josephus and Philo pronounced the Essenes’ name as “Esaoin”, which means in Arabic followers of “Esa”, which Vermes says is the name of Jesus according to the most ancient mosaic portrait found in Turkey dated 70 A.D. which says underneath “Esa our Lord”. The main difference between the Pharisees and Sadducees concerned the understanding of the function of the Torah in Jewish society. Western Civ Nvcc Exam 2 Essay. Download a Printable copy. The Dead Sea Scrolls bitterly opposed the current high priests of the Temple. The Essenes were apolitical and the revolutionaries were specifically to resist the Roman Empire. The religion of ancient Israel was centered on a Temple and served by a caste of priests, who sacrificed offerings to the God of Israel. 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