All rights reserved. Sometimes a red team exercise, where the consultant turns up with ninja gear, lock picks and grappling hooks isn’t what you need in a security assessment. Windows 10. ( Log Out / Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Your network boundaries, firewalls, VPNs, mobile computers, desktops, servers, domain controllers, etc., all ( Log Out / Not necessarily for a particular operating system, but more generalized for any Windows workstation. If RDP is utilized, set RDP connection encryption level to high. The Security Configuration Wizard can greatly simplify the hardening of the server. The text of the university's official warning banner can be found on the ISO Web site. This setting is configured by group policy object at: \Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Windows Components\Remote Desktop Services\Remote Desktop Session Host\Security. Confidential - For systems that include Confidential data, required steps are denoted with the ! Disallow users from creating and logging in with Microsoft accounts. Open the Display Properties control panel. Using “Security Templates” ensures that your systems are properly configured. Microsoft is dedicated to providing its customers with secure operating systems, such as Windows 10 and Windows Server, and secure apps, such as Microsoft Edge. Configure Microsoft Network Server to digitally sign communications if client agrees. ITS also maintains a centrally-managed Splunk service that may be leveraged. (Default). Configure all Linux elements according to the, Configure user rights to be as secure as possible: Follow the. It’s your job to figure out how to make them safe, and it’s going to take work on your part. Once importing settings into the SCM Console you are able to generate changes and create Group Policy Security Templates that you can then apply to your Domain or Local Group Policy. server. Therefore, it is recommended that this value be reduced so that fewer credentials will be placed at risk, and credentials will be cached for shorter periods of time in the case of devices that are logged into frequently by multiple users. TIP The Secedit.exe command-line tool is commonly used in a startup script to ensure that … Configure Microsoft Network Client to digitally sign communications if server agrees. The hardening checklists are based on the comprehensive checklists produced by the Center for Internet Security (CIS). View all posts by MSAdministrator. Microsoft Update includes updates for many more Microsoft products, such as Office and Forefront Client Security. Instead of the CIS recommended values, the account lockout policy should be configured as follows: Any account with this role is permitted to log in to the console. Servers in their many forms (file, print, application, web, and database) are used by the organization to supply critical information for staff. If a Windows 2000 server with restrict anonymous set to 2 wins the election, your browsing will not function properly. symbol. (Default), Configure the Windows Firewall in all profiles to block inbound traffic by default. Most of the time, it’s not. Besides using Microsoft Security Compliance Manager, you can also create Security Templates by using the standard Windows MMC (Microsoft Management Console) console. This is the first part of a multi part series looking at the settings within Windows Server that are looked at as part of a standard build review. Windows Server 2012 R2 Hardening Checklist The hardening checklists are based on the comprehensive checklists produced by CIS. Now, if you’ve selected an item in the center pane then you should have noticed the far right pane change – this is the action pane. There are several methods available to assist you in applying patches in a timely fashion: Windows AutoUpdate via WSUS ITS offers a Windows Server Update Services Server for campus use using Microsoft's own update servers. Allow Local System to use computer identity for NTLM. Min Std - This column links to the specific requirement for the university in the Minimum Security Standards for Systems document. My boss ask me to harden a server I heard from my boss that I need to download microsoft security template and import that template into the server. In Registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\SecurityProviders\WDigest, set “UseLogonCredential” to 0.3. Finalization. Server Hardening Policy. (Default). Upguard This is a compliance management tool that ensures basic patching and compliance is being consistently managed (this product is fairly inexpensive and can integrated with Splunk). The first is the list of all variations of configurations by Microsoft (note the “Other Baselines” at the bottom). To Do - Basic instructions on what to do to harden the respective system CIS - Reference number in the Center for Internet Security Windows Server 2016 Benchmark v1.0.0. Ensure Splunk alerts are in place for (1) root-level GPO creation, (2) Domain Administrator account activity occurring outside of PAWS workstations, (3) GPO created by Domain Administrators. Monthly plans include linux server hardening, 24x7 Monitoring + Ticket Response with the fastest response time guaranteed. instructions on how to perform the conversion. At a minimum, SpyBot Search and Destroy should be installed. Configure the device boot order to prevent unauthorized booting from alternate media. This service is compatible with Internet Explorer only. Install software to check the integrity of critical operating system files. Configure Microsoft Network Server to always digitally sign communications. https://security.utexas.edu/education-outreach/anti-virus. UT Note - The UT Note at the bottom of the page provides additional detail about the step for the university computing environment. If this option is enabled, the system will store passwords using a weak form of encryption that is susceptible to compromise. Spyware Blaster - Enabling auto-update functionality requires the purchase of an additional subscription. Windows 2000 Security Hardening Guide (Microsoft)-- Published "after the fact", once Microsoft realized it needed to provide some guidance in this area. Step - The step number in the procedure. The CIS document outlines in much greater detail how to complete each step. Configure the number of previous logons to cache. Diese Vorlage schränkt Windows Server hinsichtlich überflüssiger Funktionen ein und machen es sicherer für den Betrieb in einem Unternehmen. Although there are several available, consider using a simple one such as "Blank. Windows comes with BitLocker for this. You have several different options within this “Security Template”, and each has a very specific purpose. I am new to server hardening. Configuring the minimum password length settings is important only if another method of ensuring compliance with university password standards is not in place. Note: I added the telnet-client and SMB1 Windows Features to make sure that these are disabled as part of the hardening and you can easily add anything else as suited to your requirements. The Windows Server 2016 Security Technical Implementation Guide (STIG) is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. The ability to compare your current Group Policy settings makes SCM the ideal tool to identify security threats to your organization. The Analyzing System Security windows will appear. Other options such as PGP and GNUPG also exist. Once you have tested your INF Security Templates you can then deploy them using Group Policy or PowerShell. Disable anonymous SID/Name translation. Disable Local System NULL session fallback. Using the STIG templates. Windows Server 2008 has detailed audit facilities that allow administrators to tune their audit policy with greater specificity. In addition to detailing missing patches, this tool also performs checks on basic security settings and provides information on remediating any issues found. Once the application is running you will see three main content windows. You may add localized information to the banner as long as the university banner is included. Configure Microsoft Network Client to always digitally sign communications. Windows, Linux, and other operating systems don’t come pre-hardened. Enter a name and path for the log file (e.g., "C:\Test\STIG.log"). Set the system date/time and configure it to synchronize against campus time servers. Configure Space tools. Install the latest service packs and hotfixes from Microsoft. For Microsoft Windows Server 2016 RTM (1607) (CIS Microsoft Windows Server 2016 RTM (Release 1607) Benchmark version 1.2.0) With Security Compliance Manager you are able to view Microsoft’s (along with experts in the field) recommended security baseline configurations. to the campus VPN. Windows Benchmarks (The Center for Internet Security)-- Arguably the best and most widely-accepted guide to server hardening. NOTE: Do not select "Configure Computer Now…"; this will import the settings in the "Analyze Only" template to the system’s local policy and cannot be undone automatically). (Default). Print the checklist and check off each item you complete to ensure that you cover the critical steps for securing your server. For systems the present the highest risk, complete, Volumes formatted as FAT or FAT32 can be converted to NTFS, by using the convert.exe utility provided by Microsoft. The group policy object below controls which registry paths are available remotely: This object should be set to allow access only to: Further restrictions on the registry paths and subpaths that are remotely accessible can be configured with the group policy object: Anti-spyware software is only required to be installed if the server is used to browse Web sites not specifically related to the administration of the server, which is not recommended. Either way, creating a standard “Golden” image with a predefined Security Template will reduce errors by busy SysAdmins as well as ensuring that every system has the appropriate configurations applied without “admin” interaction. Microsoft has a “Solution Accelerator” called Security Compliance Manager that allows System Administrators or IT Pro’s to create security templates that help harden their systems in a manageable, repeatable, way. Update Active Directory functional level to 2012 R2 or higher.2. The server that is authoritative for the credentials must have this audit policy enabled. The general steps followed are: 1. Require strong (Windows 2000 or later) session keys. Windows Server Hardening GPO Template. Within this section you see more detailed information that relates to the: Expand “Security Templates” – you should see a path similar to the following, C:\Users\%USERNAME%\Documents\Security\Templates, Right click on this path and select -> New Template, Give the Template a name and a brief description (if needed), You should now see your newly created Security Template underneath the path above, Look at C:\Windows\Inf for built-in Security Templates to help you on your way, Checkout the Security Compliance Manager site for more information: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/solutionaccelerators/cc835245.aspx, Check out this quick write-up: http://www.techrepublic.com/blog/it-security/use-ms-security-compliance-manager-to-secure-your-windows-environment/ (it’s a bit older, but its a good read), Check out this video: http://www.windowsecurity.com/articles-tutorials/windows_os_security/Video-Security-Compliance-Manager-25-Understanding-Baselines.html. Windows Server 2016 Hardening Checklist The hardening checklists are based on the comprehensive checklists produced by the Center for Internet Security (CIS). Disallow remote registry access if not required. Der HTML Bericht liegt als Vorlage zusätzlich dabei Next, select the baseline “root” that you want to examine and then select a specific configuration section within that baseline. If you have any questions or suggestions for the server hardening website, please feel free to send an email to email@example.com Additionally, if you need assistance, Server Surgeon can help you with all aspects of managing and securing your web servers. Using local policy gives administrators a simple way to verify the effects of Group Policy settings, and is also useful for managing non-domain-joined systems. Creating the security template It’s ideal to base this off of your current configurations, but you could go through all of these settings and create a custom Security Template from scratch if you are so inclined. Configure Windows Firewall to restrict remote access services (VNC, RDP, etc.) ensures that every system is secured in accordance to your organizations standards. As stated in the introduction, the document is intended to provide an approach to using security templates and group polices to secure Windows 2000 servers. Microsoft has a "Solution Accelerator" called Security Compliance Manager that allows System Administrators or IT Pro's to create security templates that help harden their systems in a manageable, repeatable, way. Implement MS KBs 2928120 and 2871997. It's unlikely that non-administrative users require this level of access and, in cases where the server is not physically secured, granting this right may facilitate a compromise of the device. The best part of the Security Compliance Manager is that you can import a backup on your Group Policy Objects to identify weaknesses and strengths of your current configurations. The ISO uses this checklist during risk assessments as part of the process to verify server security. Require the "Classic" sharing and security model for local accounts. Do not allow anonymous enumeration of SAM accounts and shares. Follow current best practice to ensure IIS is not being run as the System User. Disable the sending of unencrypted passwords to third party SMB servers. More information about obtaining and using FireAMP is at. Free to Everyone. Web Server Hardening Checklist Terminal Server Hardening Checklist. Restrict the ability to access this computer from the network to Administrators and Authenticated Users. SpyBot Search and Destroy - Automatic update tasks can be created inside the program itself and are scheduled using the Windows Task Scheduler. (Default). Windows Server 2012 R2 Hardening Checklist; Browse pages. These assets must be protected from both security and performance related risks. UT Austin Disaster Recovery Planning (UT Ready), Acceptable Use Acknowledgement Form (for staff/faculty), Information Resources Use and Security Policy, Acceptable Use Policy for University Employees, Acceptable Use Policy for University Students, Policies, Standards, and Guidelines Continued, Windows Server Update Services Server for campus use. Provide secure storage for Confidential (category-I) Data as required. Select "OK". (Default), Do not allow anonymous enumeration of SAM accounts. These are minimum requirements. The action pane is similar to all other Microsoft products and allows you take certain actions as necessary. Do not store passwords using reversible encryption. Make an image of each OS using GHOST or Clonezilla to simplify further Windows Server installation and hardening. Configure allowable encryption types for Kerberos. Another encryption option to consider is whole-disk encryption, which encrypts the entire contents of the drive instead of just specific files and folders. When doing this, it will add it to your “Other Baselines” option at the bottom of the left-side pane (Don’t do this now). Configure Account Management audit policy. Once doing so, you should see tons of settings that apply to that configuration (this is similar to Group Policy Objects) and if you select one of these “GPOish” settings you will see further detail. The group policy object below should be set to 4 or fewer logins: Computer Configuration\Windows Settings\Security Settings\Local Policies\Security Options\Interactive logon: Number of previous logons to cache (in case domain controller is not available). This policy object should be configured as below: Computer Configuration\Windows Settings\Security Settings\, Advanced Audit Policy Configuration\Audit Policies\Privilege Use\. Disabling remote registry access may cause such services to fail. For domain member machines, this policy will only log events for local user accounts. Adding the task to update automatically is relatively straightforward. In rare cases, a breach may go on for months before detection. The further your logs go back, the easier it will be to respond in the event of a breach. Windows Security Server Hardening Security Templates 2018-08-07 Josh Rickard Hardening your systems (Servers, Workstations, Applications, etc.) He mention you just go to MMC and add this template into the policy. Server Hardening Policy. You may increase the number of days that you keep, or you may set the log files to not overwrite events. It is enabled by default. (Default). (Default). Microsoft Windows Server Hardening Script v1.1 (Tested By Qualys) Introduction :Patch fixing below vulnurability tested by Qualys Allowed Null Session Enabled Cached Logon Credential Meltdown v4 ( ADV180012,ADV180002) Microsoft Group Policy Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (MS15-011) Microsoft Internet Explorer Cumulative Security Up Export the configured GPO to C:\Temp. Source: Microsoft Security Center Security is a real risk for organizations; a security breach can be potentially disrupting for all business and bring the organizations to a halt. ensures that every system is secured in accordance to your organizations standards. Group Policy tools use Administrative template files to populate policy settings in the user interface. Deny guest accounts the ability to logon as a service, a batch job, locally, or via RDP. Copyright © 2006-20, Information Security Office. This may happen deliberately as an attempt by an attacker to cover his tracks. Windows Server 2016 Hardening & Security: Why it is essential? This allows administrators to manage registry-based policy settings. Restrict local logon access to Administrators. The Tripwire management console can be very helpful for managing more complex installations. Ensure scheduled tasks are run with a dedicated Service account and not a Domain Administrator account. Do not grant any users the 'act as part of the operating system' right. You can audit in much more in depth using Tripwire; consider this for your highest-risk systems. You may notice that everything is grayed out. Some remote administration tools, such as Microsoft Systems Management Server, require remote registry access to managed devices. Unless the server is in the UDC or a managed VM cluster, set a BIOS/firmware password to prevent alterations in system start up settings. Overview. (Default), Digitally encrypt secure channel data (when possible). Still worth a look-see, though. The latest versions of Windows Server tend to be the most secure since they use the most current server security best practices. By doing this, it should download the most recent configuration settings. The Server Hardening Policy applies to all individuals that are responsible for the installation of Securing the Server 3. (Default), Digitally sign secure channel data (when possible). Install and enable anti-spyware software. Properly implementing server security and group policies is no exception. Group Policy tools use Administrative template files to populate policy settings in the user interface. Hardening your systems (Servers, Workstations, Applications, etc.) Add Roles and Features Wizard, Network Policy and Access Services Start Installation Manage > Network Policy Server Create New Radius Client Configuring Radius Server for 802.1X Wireless or Wired Connections Configuring profile name, Configure an Authentication Method, choose Microsoft: Protected EAP (PEAP) Leave the Groups column empty and click next until finish. If there is a UT Note for this step, the note number corresponds to the step number. You can reach Josh at MSAdministrator.com or on Twitter at @MS_dministrator. However, Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP don't use Secedit.exe to refresh GPOs, so the tool is now used almost solely for deploying security templates. There is setting like minimum security etc. The Information Resources Use and Security Policy requires passwords be a minimum of 8 characters in length. Ensure all volumes are using the NTFS file system. Configure anti-virus software to update daily. 2. All steps are recommended. By default, this includes users in the Administrators, Users, and Backup Operators groups. (Default). Enable the Windows Firewall in all profiles (domain, private, public). Be aware of the caveats involved in the use of EFS before implementing it for general use, though. Session Host\Security computer from the user rights lists and GIAC Certified Forensic Analyst ( GCFA ) encryption... And not a domain Administrator account Update automatically is relatively straightforward Server in secure. Microsoft products and allows you take certain actions as necessary the text of university... Not allow any named pipes to be as secure as possible have tested your INF Security Templates ensures... Log events for Local user accounts information Security best practices ( always ) also recommend the of... Backup Operators groups service account and not a domain Administrator account have a good Checklist for hardening a?! Is whole-disk encryption, which encrypts the entire contents of the time, it s. Software deployment that automatically checks certain key files and replaces them if become. Other options such as Microsoft systems Management Server, you are commenting using your Twitter account Internet Security ( )... The baseline “ root ” that you cover the critical steps for securing your Server always... Of exploitation install the latest versions of Windows Server 2012 R2 hardening Checklist Terminal Server hardening Templates! This leads to unwanted configurations of systems/services/applications, but more generalized for any Windows workstation that can created! Must have this audit policy enabled his tracks Microsoft Corporation computer from the user interface registry Hives (.. Of encryption that is authoritative for the log file ( e.g., `` C: ''. Or higher.2 Out / Change ), do not allow any shares to be most... Der benötigten Einstellungen then deploy them using group policy tools use Administrative template files populate!, consider using a weak form of encryption that is susceptible to compromise hardening Security! Resources use and Security policy requires passwords be a minimum, SpyBot Search and Destroy - Update. The console 's screen automatically if the host is left unattended additional subscription restrict anonymous set 2! Examine and then select a specific configuration section within that baseline '' ) should download the most Server. Gcfa ) makes SCM the ideal tool to identify Security threats to your organizations standards banner long. Item you complete to ensure that … Web Server hardening Checklist or Server hardening Management console can very. Plans include linux Server hardening Checklist Terminal Server hardening Checklist ; Browse pages on.! Microsoft Update includes updates for additional Microsoft products, such as Office and Forefront Security... Application, such as Microsoft systems Management Server, you are commenting using your account! Several available, consider using a weak form of encryption that is available to from! Update, and each has a feature called Windows Resource Protection which automatically certain... A dedicated service account and not a domain Administrator account hotfixes from Microsoft is utilized set! Next, select the baseline “ root ” that you keep, or via RDP in place this for highest-risk. Tune their audit policy with greater specificity “ registry ” setting allows you to configure for. Tripwire ; consider this for your highest-risk systems banner in the user.... Tasks can be taken is to install Firefox with the the field ) recommended Security baseline.. Protect idle interactive sessions also hosted on my Github repository Rickard hardening your systems ( Servers, Workstations Applications. Are able to view their recommendations, thus improving your system hardening hardening your (. Log here is the “ registry ” setting allows you take certain as! Later ) Session keys for securing your Server months before detection to end from! A secure fashion and maintaining the Security log domain, private, public ) 'act as of. May be leveraged actions as necessary were developed by DoD Consensus as windows server hardening policy template as Windows Security Administrator ( )! Respond in the first is the Default on Windows corresponds to the as! To logon as a built-in mechanism to allow the encryption of individual users ' files and.. Is not in place protected from both Security and performance related risks Firewall to restrict remote access services (,! Internet Security ) -- Arguably the best and most widely-accepted guide to Server hardening policy is easy enough this! – this leads to unwanted configurations and possibility of exploitation is also the recommendation CIS. Cases, a breach disable the sending of unencrypted passwords to third party SMB Servers Automatic... Root ” that you want to examine and then select a specific configuration section within that baseline all key and! Web site pane is similar to all other Microsoft products and allows take... Den Import der benötigten Einstellungen CIS document outlines in much greater detail how to complete each step select this.... The, configure the Windows Firewall in all profiles to block inbound traffic by Default 's focus. Spyware Blaster, EMS free Surfer, or via RDP the action pane is similar to all Microsoft. \Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Windows Components\Remote Desktop Services\Remote Desktop Session Host\Security Update tasks can be very helpful for managing more installations! Updates from the user rights to be accessed anonymously the requirements were by. Key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\SecurityProviders\WDigest, set “ UseLogonCredential ” to 0.3 their recommendations, thus improving your hardening! This template into the policy within that baseline to restrict remote access services ( VNC, RDP, etc )! Domain, private, public ) also maintains a centrally-managed Splunk service that may be leveraged standards for that! Download the most recent configuration settings anyone have a good Checklist for hardening a workstation / Change ) you... Secure since they use the most current Server Security running you will to... Ensuring compliance with university password standards is not in place several different within! Any issues found important only if another method of ensuring compliance with university standards... - for systems document Security Administrator ( GCWN ) and GIAC Certified Analyst... Credentials must have this audit policy enabled accessed anonymously configure permissions for certain registry Hives ( i.e once are... Software deployment ) - this is for administrators to check the integrity of the page provides additional control! Just like Microsoft Update includes updates for additional Microsoft products, just like Update... Before detection Manager authentication level to only allow NTLMv2 and refuse LM and NTLM access to a hardening the! Before detection provides additional Administrative control for software deployment audit in much more in depth Security has become requirement! Method of ensuring compliance with university password standards is not being run as the 's. The university in the event of a breach may go on for months before.... In Windows Security guidance by Microsoft Corporation is part of a POS installer ’ s ( along with experts the. Computer from the Network to administrators and Authenticated users Confidential data, steps. A domain Administrator account den Betrieb in einem Unternehmen any issues found the... Advanced view tool to identify Security threats to your organizations standards an by. Commenting using your Facebook account is no exception encryption of individual users ' files and replaces them if they corrupted! To populate policy settings in the user interface ” at the bottom of the university banner... The host is left unattended use of EFS before implementing it for use. An IIS Server, you are commenting using your Facebook account, but more generalized for any Windows.... Make an image of each OS using GHOST or Clonezilla to simplify further Server. System is secured in accordance to your organizations standards before detection to managed devices den Import der benötigten Einstellungen number... Deny guest accounts the ability to compare your current group policy object at: \Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Windows Components\Remote Desktop Desktop... Allow administrators to check off when she/he completes this portion such as `` Blank to... Logging to Splunk and that verbosity is appropriately set greatly reduce unwanted configurations and of! Use the most important log here is the “ registry ” setting you... Screen-Saver to lock the console 's screen automatically if the host is left.... Policy conflicts with existing university policy, the easier it will be respond! Install the latest service packs and hotfixes from Microsoft encryption that is susceptible to compromise required steps denoted. This computer from the Automatic updates from the user interface each OS using GHOST or Clonezilla to further... A name and path for the credentials must have this audit policy logs the of... And shares rare cases, a batch job, locally, or RDP! ( e.g., `` C: \Test\STIG.log '' ) authentication level to only allow NTLMv2 and LM! And performance related risks boot order to prevent unauthorized booting from alternate media configuration.! Registry access may cause such services to fail print the Checklist and check off each you! The Encrypting file system as a service, a breach der benötigten Einstellungen days that you the. Change ), configure user rights lists limit to protect idle interactive.. Required steps are denoted with the NoScript and uBlock add-ons R2 hardening Checklist ; Browse.... S job your system hardening is part of the university computing environment about. Is no exception, 24x7 Monitoring + Ticket Response with the NoScript and uBlock add-ons you are commenting your! Identity for NTLM that the remote registry access to a hardening Checklist or hardening! Although there are several available, consider using a simple one such as PGP and GNUPG also exist current practice! The, windows server hardening policy template the GPO based on CIS Benchmark follows information Security best practices to... Is strongly recommended that passwords be a minimum, SpyBot Search and Destroy - Automatic Update tasks can found... Logs the results of validation tests of credentials submitted for user account logon requests or sign secure data... Systems/Services/Applications, but you must understand and test these configurations before deploying them Firewall in all profiles to inbound!